Professor Peter Enderwick

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Professor

Email: peter.enderwick@aut.ac.nz

ORCID: ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8480-5329

Academic appointments:

  • Visiting Professor, University of Leeds (2008 - ongoing)
  • Professor of International Business, Auckland University of Technology (2004 - ongoing)

Qualifications:

  • BA (Econ), Lancaster University
  • MBA, University of Bradford Management Centre
  • PhD, University of Bradford Management Centre

Overview:

Professor Peter Enderwick is a specialist in the field of International Business and during his academic career has undertaken consultancy work for the United Nations, the American Chamber of Commerce (NZ) and the New Zealand Treasury. His research interests - globalization and labour, service sector multinationals, large emerging markets (particularly China and India), and the competitiveness of small, open economies – have led to him authoring ten books and numerous chapters and articles in professional journals. His extensive business knowledge makes him a valuable member on editorial boards for journals including the International Business Review and Transnational Corporations .

Professor Enderwick has held visiting positions around the globe including time at the Helsinki School of Economics and Business, Finland, and the University of Bradford Management Centre, England - where he gained his MBA and PhD. He has taught in Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Hong Kong, Thailand and China and is currently a Visiting Professor at Leeds University in England. He spent 16 years as Professor of International Management at the University of Waikato before taking up his position as Professor of International Business at AUT.

Professor Enderwick is a member of the Academy of International Business and a founding member of ANZIBA (Australia and New Zealand International Business Academy).

Research interests:

My research interests are in international business, particularly the networked MNE, the global factory, emerging markets, China's Belt and Road Initiative and post-Covid-19 recovery of the world economy.

I also research transnational crime from the perspective of international business strategy.

Teaching summary:

I have taught international business at every level from introductory undergraduate to post-graduate and professional masters. I teach on the MBA and supervise Masters and PhD candidates. In recent years my teaching has focused on papers on Doing Business in Emerging Markets and Global Business Perspectives.

I have published two major textbooks in recent years including (with Peter J. Buckley) International Business (OUP 2019) and The Competitive Challenge of Emerging Markets: China and India (Cambridge Scholars 2020).

Research outputs:

Featured research outputs

  • Buckley, P. J., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2017). The role of country alliances in reducing the transaction costs of internationalisation: Evidence from Indian multinational enterprises. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 41(3). doi:10.1093/cje/bew062

Books

  • Enderwick, P. (2020). The competitive challenge of emerging markets: China and India. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

  • Buckley, P. J., Enderwick, P., & Cross, A. R. (2018). International Business. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Retrieved from https://global.oup.com/

  • Enderwick, P. (2017). Dictionary of business and management in India. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/acref/9780191829000.001.0001

  • Enderwick, P. (2013). Multinational Business and Labour (RLE International Business). Routledge.

  • Enderwick, P. (2013). Multinational Service Firms (RLE International Business). Routledge.

  • Enderwick, P. (2013). Multinational business and labour (Vol. 15). doi:10.4324/9780203077795

  • Enderwick, P. (2007). Understanding Emerging Markets: China and India. London and New York: Routledge.

  • Enderwick, P. (2006). Globalization and Labor The New Global Society. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers.

  • Enderwick, P. (1998). Foreign Direct Investment: The New Zealand Experience. Palmerston North: Dunmore Press.

  • Enderwick, P., & Akoorie, M. (1996). Fast Forward: New Zealand Business in World Markets. Auckland: Longman Paul.

  • Enderwick, P. (1994). Transnational Corporations and Human Resources (Vol. 16). London: Routledge.

  • Buckley, P. J. (1985). The Industrial Relations Practices of Foreign-owned Firms in Britain. Springer.

Journal articles

  • Enderwick, P., & Buckley, P. J. (2020). Rising regionalization: Will the post-COVID-19 world see a retreat from globalization?. Transnational Corporations, 27(2), 1-14.

  • Enderwick, P. (2019). Understanding cross-border crime: The value of international business research. Critical Perspectives on International Business, 15(2-3), 119-138. doi:10.1108/cpoib-01-2019-0006

  • Yan, T., & Enderwick, P. (2019). Evolution of China's outward foreign direct investment regime: Implications for Southeast Asia under the belt and door initiative. The Singapore Economic Review, 1-17. doi:10.1142/s0217590819500309

  • Enderwick, P. (2018). The economic growth and development effects of China's one belt, one road initiative. Strategic Change, 27(5). doi:10.1002/jsc.2229

  • Enderwick, P. (2018). The scope of corporate social responsibility in networked multinational enterprises. International Business Review, 27(2). doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2017.09.008

  • Buckley, P. J., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2017). The role of country alliances in reducing the transaction costs of internationalisation: Evidence from Indian multinational enterprises. Cambridge Journal of Economics, 41(3). doi:10.1093/cje/bew062

  • Enderwick, P. (2017). International investment by state-controlled enterprises: A source for concern?. Strategic Change, 26(3). doi:10.1002/jsc.2127

  • Enderwick, P. (2017). Viewpoint escape FDI from emerging markets: Clarifying and extending the concept. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 12(3). doi:10.1108/IJoEM-11-2016-0325

  • Enderwick, P., & Buckley, P. J. (2017). Beyond supply and assembly relations: Collaborative innovation in global factory systems. Journal of Business Research. doi:10.1016/j.jbusres.2017.09.004

  • Enderwick, P. (2017). What Drives Opposition to Foreign Direct Investment (FDI)?: Chinese Investment in the New Zealand Dairy Industry. New Zealand Journal of Applied Business Research, 15(2).

  • Nguyen, H. T. N., & Enderwick, P. (2016). The Perceptions and Responses of Vietnamese Firms Towards Deeper Regional Economic Integration Case Studies from the Food Processing Industry. JOURNAL OF SOUTHEAST ASIAN ECONOMIES, 33(1), 65-82. doi:10.1353/ase.2016.0002

  • Buckley, P. J., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2016). Cross-border acquisitions by Indian multinationals: Asset exploitation or asset augmentation?. International Business Review, 25(4). doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.10.006

  • Nguyen, H. T. N., & Enderwick, P. (2016). The perceptions and responses of Vietnamese firms toward deeper regional economic integration: Case studies from the food processing industry. Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, 33(1). doi:10.1355/ae33-1d

  • Buckley, P. J., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2016). The role of experiential and non-experiential knowledge in cross-border acquisitions: The case of Indian multinational enterprises. Journal of World Business, 51(5). doi:10.1016/j.jwb.2016.07.006

  • Buckley, P. J., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2015). Do foreign resources assist or impede internationalisation? Evidence from internationalisation of Indian multinational enterprises. International Business Review, 25(1). doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2015.04.004

  • Hikmet, T. K. A., & Enderwick, P. (2015). Offshore sourcing and reshoring: The impact of governance on costs and incentives. AIB Insights, 15(4). Retrieved from https://aib.msu.edu/publications/insights/volume/15/issue/4

  • Enderwick, P. (2014). China's economic impact on Oceania. AIB Insights, 14(1).

  • Enderwick, P. (2012). Food Miles: A Fridge Too Far?. NZBusiness, 26(1).

  • Enderwick, P. (2011). Understanding the Rise of Global Protectionism. Thunderbird International Business Review, 53(3). doi:10.1002/tie.20410

  • Enderwick, P. (2011). Acquiring overseas market knowledge: a comparison of strategies of expatriate and immigrant employees. Journal of Asia Business Studies, 5(1). doi:10.1108/15587891111100813

  • Enderwick, P., Tung, R. L., & Chung, H. F. L. (2011). Immigrant Effects and International Business Activity: an overview. Journal of Asia Business Studies, 5(1). doi:10.1108/15587891111100778

  • Enderwick, P. (2011). A 'China-Plus-One' strategy: The best of both worlds?. Human Systems Management, 30(1-2).

  • Enderwick, P., & Nagar, S. (2011). The Competitive Challenge of Emerging Markets: The Case of Medical Tourism. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 6(4).

  • Enderwick, P. (2011). The Imperative of Global Environmental Scanning. AIB Insights, 11(1).

  • Chung, H. F. -L., Enderwick, P., & Naruemitmongkonsuk, J. (2010). Immigrant Employee Effects in International Strategy: An Exploratory Study of the Service Sector. International Marketing Review, 27(6). Retrieved from http://www.emeraldinsight.com/journals.htm?articleid=1891986&show=html&

  • Enderwick, P., & Nagar, S. (2010). The Indian Premier League and Indian Cricket:Innovation in the Face of Tradition. Journal of Sponsorship, 3(2). Retrieved from http://henrystewart.metapress.com/

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Applying the eclectic framework: The strategy of transnational criminal enterprises in the global era. Critical perspectives on international business, 5(3), 170-186. doi:10.1108/17422040910974677

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Applying International Business Theory: The Strategy of Transnational Criminal Enterprises in the Global Era. Critical Perspectives on International Business, 5(3).

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Avoiding Quality Fade in Chinese Global Supply Chains: Designing Appropriate Governance Structures. Business Process Management Journal, 15(6).

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Large Emerging Markets (LEMs) and International Strategy. International Marketing Review, 26(1).

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Managing 'Quality Failure' in China: Lessons from the Dairy Industry Case. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 4(3).

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Responding to Global Crisis: The Contribution of Emerging Markets to Strategic Adaptation. International Journal of Emerging Markets, 4(4).

  • Nagar, S., & Enderwick, P. (2009). India: The Next Big Opportunity for New Zealand Business?. University of Auckland Business Review, 11(1).

  • Enderwick, P. (2008). Quality Assurance and Upgrading in Global Supply Chains: Implications for Management in a Transition Economy. Thunderbird International Business Review, 50(4).

  • Seak, N., & Enderwick, P. (2008). The Management of New Zealand Expatriates in China. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 19(7).

  • Enderwick, P. (2006). Managing the new global threats. University of Auckland Business Review, 8(2). Retrieved from http://www.uabr.auckland.ac.nz/

  • Tan, W. -J., & Enderwick, P. (2006). Managing threats in the global era: The impact and response to SARS. Thunderbird International Business Review, 48(4). Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/tie.20107/pdf

  • Enderwick, P. (2005). Attracting "desirable" FDI: Theory and evidence. Transnational Corporations, 14(2), 93-119.

  • Scott-Kennel, J., & Enderwick, P. (2005). FDI and inter-firm linkages: Exploring the black box of the Investment Development Path. Transnational Corporations, 14(1), 105-137.

  • Scott-Kennel, J., & Enderwick, P. (2004). Inter-firm alliance and network relationships and the eclectic paradigm of international production: An exploratory analysis of quasi-internalisation at the subsidiary level. International Business Review, 13(4), 425-445. doi:10.1016/j.ibusrev.2004.03.004

  • Chung, H. F. L., & Enderwick, P. (2001). An investigation of market entry strategy selection: Exporting vs foreign direct investment modes-a home-host country scenario. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 18(4), 443-460. doi:10.1023/A:1012871225166

  • Kai-ming au, A., & Enderwick, P. (2000). A cognitive model on attitude towards technology adoption. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 15(4), 266-282. doi:10.1108/02683940010330957

  • Enderwick, P. (1994). Multinational enterprises and partial privatisation of state-owned enterprises. International Business Review, 3(2), 135-147. doi:10.1016/0969-5931(94)90020-5

  • Enderwick, P., & Akoorie, M. E. M. (1994). Pilot Study Research Note: The Employment of Foreign Language Specialists and Export Success - The Case of New Zealand. International Marketing Review, 11(4), 4-18. doi:10.1108/02651339410069218

  • Enderwick, P., & Hodgson, D. (1993). Expatriate management practices of New Zealand business. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 4(2), 407-423. doi:10.1080/09585199300000021

  • Enderwick, P., & Gray, D. (1993). Foreign languages in international business: The case of New Zealand. Journal of Teaching in International Business, 4(1), 49-68. doi:10.1300/J066v04n01_04

  • Akooric, M., & Enderwick, P. (1992). The international operations of New Zealand companies. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 9(1), 51-69. doi:10.1007/BF01732037

  • Enderwick, P. (1991). Patterns of manufacturing employment change within multinational enterprises 1977–1981. International Review of Applied Economics, 5(2), 197-207. doi:10.1080/758533097

  • Enderwick, P. (1990). The International Competitiveness of Japanese Service Industries: A Cause for Concern?. California Management Review, 32(4), 22-37. doi:10.2307/41166626

  • Enderwick, P. (1989). Multinational Corporate Restructuring and International Competitiveness. California Management Review, 32(1), 44-58. doi:10.2307/41166733

  • Enderwick, P. (1988). Between markets and hierarchies: The multinational operations of Japanese general trading companies. Managerial and Decision Economics, 9(1), 35-40. doi:10.1002/mde.4090090104

  • Enderwick, P. (1987). The Strategy and Structure of Service-Sector Multinationals: Implications for Potential Host Regions. Regional Studies, 21(3), 215-223. doi:10.1080/00343408712331344408

  • Enderwick, P. (1986). Trends in the internationalisation of production. Employee Relations, 8(6), 9-16. doi:10.1108/eb055086

  • Enderwick, P. (1984). Patterns of industrial conflict in private sector service industries: Evidence from british survey data. The Service Industries Journal, 4(1), 30-47. doi:10.1080/02642068400000004

  • Enderwick, P. (1984). The Labour Utilisation Practices of Multinationals and Obstacles to Multinational Collective Bargaining. Journal of Industrial Relations, 26(3), 345-364. doi:10.1177/002218568402600304

  • Enderwick, P. (1983). Industrial Conflict and the Nature of Labour Contracts. Employee Relations, 5(2), 23-27. doi:10.1108/eb055009

  • Buckley, P. J., & Enderwick, P. (1983). COMPARATIVE PAY LEVELS IN DOMESTICALLY‐OWNED AND FOREIGN‐OWNED PLANTS IN UK MANUFACTURING‐EVIDENCE FROM THE 1980 WORKPLACE INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS SURVEY. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 21(3), 395-400. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8543.1983.tb00144.x

  • ENDERWICK, P. (1983). PRODUCTIVITY AND LABOR UTILIZATION - THE EXPERIENCE OF FOREIGN-OWNED FIRMS. JOURNAL OF GENERAL MANAGEMENT, 9(1), 38-50. doi:10.1177/030630708300900103

  • Enderwick, P., & Buckley, P. J. (1983). The determinants of strike activity in foreign‐owned plants: Inter‐industry evidence from British Manufacturing Industry 1971–1973. Managerial and Decision Economics, 4(2), 83-88. doi:10.1002/mde.4090040205

  • Enderwick, P. (1982). Strike costs and public policy. Journal of Public Policy, 2(04), 347-363.

  • Enderwick, P., & Buckley, P. J. (1982). STRIKE ACTIVITY AND FOREIGN OWNERSHIP: AN ANALYSIS OF BRITISH MANUFACTURING 1971–1973. British Journal of Industrial Relations, 20(3), 308-321. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8543.1982.tb00107.x

  • Enderwick, P. (1982). Collective Bargaining and Strikes: An Exit-Voice Analysis. International Journal of Manpower, 3(1), 10-15. doi:10.1108/eb044884

  • Enderwick, P. (1982). Strike Costs and Public Policy. Journal of Public Policy, 2(4), 347-363. doi:10.1017/S0143814X00002634

Book chapters

  • Enderwick, P. (2019). Emerging economies. In A. Verbeke, R. E. Roberts, D. Delaney, P. Zamborsky, P. Enderwick, & S. Nagar (Eds.), Contemporary international business in the Asia-Pacific Region (pp. 180-210). Sydney: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/9781316999615.008

  • Buckley, P., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2018). Do foreign resources assist or impede internationalisation? Evidence from internationalisation of Indian multinational enterprises. In P. Buckley (Ed.), The global factory Networked multinational enterprises in the modern global economy (pp. 206-216). Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/the-global-factory

  • Buckley, P., Munjal, S., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2018). Cross-border acquisitions by Indian multinationals: Asset exploitation or augmentation?. In P. Buckley (Ed.), The global factory Networked multinational enterprises in the modern global economy (pp. 217-230). Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, USA: Edward Elgar Publishing. Retrieved from https://www.e-elgar.com/shop/the-global-factory

  • Enderwick, P. (2018). Internalisation theory and European business. In G. Suder, M. Riviere, & J. Lindeque (Eds.), The Routledge Companion to European Business (pp. 43-55). London, UK and New York, USA: Routledge.

  • Enderwick, P. (2017). Flexibility, labour utilisation, and the global factory. In S. Kundu, & S. Munjal (Eds.), Human Capital and Innovation: Examining the Role of Globalization (pp. 13-38). London, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.1057/978-1-137-56561-7

  • Enderwick, P. (2017). Flexibility, Labour Utilisation, and the Global Factory. In HUMAN CAPITAL AND INNOVATION: EXAMINING THE ROLE OF GLOBALIZATION (pp. 13-38). doi:10.1057/978-1-137-56561-7_2

  • Enderwick, P. (2016). The transnational organisation of the drugs trade. In M. Dion, D. Weisstub, & J. -L. Richet (Eds.), Financial Crimes: Psychological, Technological, and Ethical Issues (pp. 309-327). Switzerland: Springer International Publishing. doi:10.1007/978-3-319-32419-7_15

  • Munjal, S., Buckley, P. J., Enderwick, P., & Forsans, N. (2014). The growth trajectory of Indian multinational enterprises. In C. Brautaset, & C. M. Dent (Eds.), The great diversity: Trajectories of Asian development (pp. 191-205). Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers. doi:10.3920/978-90-8686-786-8_11

  • Enderwick, P. (2013). New Zealand: Inward and outward FDI profile. In K. P. Sauvant, P. Mallampally, & G. McAllister (Eds.), Inward and Outward FDI Country Profiles: Second edition August 2013 (pp. 377-388). New York: Vale Columbia Center on Sustainable International Investment. Retrieved from http://ccsi.columbia.edu/

  • Buckley, P. J., Enderwick, P., Forsans, N., & Munjal, S. (2013). Country linkages and firm internationalization: Indian MNEs within economic-political alliances of nations. In G. Cook, & J. Johns (Eds.), The Changing Geography of International Business (pp. 79-94). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. doi:10.107/9781137277503

  • Enderwick, P. (2011). China's Urbanisation: How Can New Zealand Benefit?. In New Zealand China Trade Guide (pp. 48). Auckland: CommStat New Zealand.

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). New Zealand and the Challenge of Global Competition. In D. Den van Bulcke, A. Verbeke, & W. Yuan (Eds.), Handbook on Small Nations in the Global Economy (pp. 219-244). Edward Elgar.

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Multinational service firms and global strategy. In J. Bryson, & P. Daniels (Eds.), The Handbook of Service Industries. Cheltenham, UK.

  • Bai, X., & Enderwick, P. (2005). Economic transition and management skills: The case of China. In Business and Management Education in China: Transition, Pedagogy and Training (pp. 21-45). doi:10.1142/9789812703422_0002

Conference contributions

  • Enderwick, P., & Buckley, P. (2014). The distinctive nature of the global factory. In 40th EIBA Annual Conference. Uppsala: EIBA. Retrieved from http://eiba2014.eiba.org/

  • Enderwick, P., & Nagar, S. (2014). New Zealand construction and engineering firms: Overcoming challenges to internationalisation. In ANZIBA 2014 – ‘Institutions, Organisations and Markets: New International Business Research Opportunities’. Auckland.

  • Nagar, S., & Enderwick, P. (2012). New Zealand construction and engineering firms: Overcoming challenges to internationalisation. In 38th EIBA Annual Conference: International Business and Sustainable Development. Brighton. Retrieved from http://www.eiba.org/r/past-conferences

  • Enderwick, P., & Nagar, S. (2012). Institutional uncertainty and emerging market multinationals: The Crafar case. In Academy of International Business Southeast USA 2012 Annual Conference. Fort Lauderdale, Florida.

  • Enderwick, P. (2012). Chinese Investment in Oceania. In Conference on European Integration and Chinese Foreign Direct Investment in the UK. Leeds UK.

  • Enderwick, P. (2008). Managing 'Quality Fade' in China: :Lessons from the Dairy Industry. In Academy of International Business Australia and New Zealand Chapter Symposium on Research and Teaching in International Business. Sydney.

  • Enderwick, P. (2008). Quality Assurance and Upgrading in Global Supply Chains: Implications for Management in a Transition Economy. In Sixth International Symposium on Multinational Business Management - Enterprise Management in a Transitional Economy. Nanjing.

  • Enderwick, P. (2007). Applying international business theory: The strategy of transnational criminal enterprises in the global era. In Proceedings of the ANZIBA Conference 2007: ANZIBA: Institutions and Organisations in an International Context. Newcastle.

  • Enderwick, P., & Seak, N. (2007). The management of New Zealand expatriates in China. In Academy of International Business: Bringing the country back in: The importance of local knowledge in a global economy. [Proceedings]. Indianapolis.

  • Enderwick, P. (2006). China or India - which has the superior development model?. In ANZIBA [Conference]. Wellington.

  • Batstone, C., Enderwick, P., Baxter, R., Rose, E., Johns, S., Hill, M., & Bradbury, B. (2000). The Value Implications of Changes in Intangible Asset Recognition: Problems and Opportunities for International Business. In Australia & New Zealand International Business Academy Conference (pp. 11-15). : The University of Auckland and Waikato University.

  • AKOORIE, M., ENDERWICK, P., BARBER, K., & INST, P. A. M. (1991). EUROPE 1992 - IMPLICATIONS FOR NEW-ZEALAND BUSINESS. In EUROPE 1992 : IMPLICATIONS FOR PACIFIC ASIAN BUSINESS (pp. 149-158). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

  • ENDERWICK, P. (1991). SERVICE SECTOR MULTINATIONALS AND DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES. In MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES IN LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES (pp. 292-309). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

Reports

  • Buckley, P. J., Enderwick, P., Kafouros, M., Forsans, N., Voss, H., & Munjal, S. (2014). Trade and economic relations with China: Perspectives from the commonwealth. Leeds, United Kingdom: University of Leeds. Retrieved from http://thecommonwealth.org/

  • Enderwick, P. (2012). Inward FDI in New Zealand and its Policy Context: Inward FDI in New Zealand and its Policy Context. Columbia University USA: Columbia University.

Other outputs

  • Enderwick, P., & Buckley, P. J. (2015). Special issue of international journal of human resource management: Human resources in the global factory. In International Journal of Human Resource Management (Iss. 10). Routledge. doi:10.1080/09585192.2015.1014695

  • Enderwick, P. (2009). Small Companies in Big Markets.

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