Dr Kirsten Spencer

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Senior Lecturer

Email: kirsten.spencer@aut.ac.nz

ORCID: ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3188-2179

Links to relevant web pages:

Academic appointments:

  • Associate Leader Bachelor of Sport & Recreation, Auckland University of Technology (2014 - ongoing)
  • Leader of Performance Analysis Clinic, Auckland University of Technology (2013 - ongoing)

Qualifications:

  • PhD, University of Essex
  • MSc Sport and Exercise, Essex University
  • BEd, Manchester Metropolitan University
  • Level 4 Accreditation (research), International Society of Performance Analysis of Sport
  • Level Two Performance Analyst, Sports Tec

Overview:

Research Expertise & Interests:
My research is primarily in the field of sports performance analysis. I am an applied researcher, using methods of modern sports analytics that emphasize research designs that plausibly identify causal effects. Much of my research involves fieldwork to gather new primary data. My research studies measure the physical and psychological variables that impact development and performance in sports settings using data collected with performance coding systems that I designed.
The focus of my research is sports performance, and findings have contributed to national programme change. Topics include the performance impact on players of friendship affiliation, movement competency and rule change. This research analyses game modification, coach feedback, movement competency and officiating in New Zealand. The research informed the design and implementation of the NZ National Junior Netball Development Programme (FutureFerns), the influence is now international as the programme is integral to the Fiji NetGo programme. The issue with performance analysis is the large data sets that are produced and these can prove problematical to coaches. Wider public access of my research is on the Sci21 website. My contributions to research include refereeing journal articles, including top-ranking ones such as Sports Medicine (impact 6.83), supervising and examining PhD and Masters theses. As the organiser of several conferences I have been able to develop the performance analysis research team at AUT and attract research funding . I have delivered conference addresses at various local and national conferences, facilitated leadership programmes and collaborate across sports and sports organisations. My research has informed decisions in elite sport and I am president of the Oceania branch of the International Society of Performance Analysis in Sport.

Research interests:

- Coaching development
- Performance analysis
- Field Hockey, rugby and netball
- Youth Development
- Training design

Teaching summary:

I teach undergraduate and post graduate coaching and sport performance analysis papers. I have a number of post graduate students researching in the area of coaching, GPS, well-being, coach -athlete relationship and training design.

Fields of research:

  • Human Movement and Sports Science

Professional activities:

Appointment, affiliation, and membership

  • Independent Review Panel Kiwisport Local Community Fund., Sport Auckland (2019)

Editorship, reviewing, examining, and judging

  • Journal reviewer, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2019)
  • reviewer, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2019)
  • Masters thesis examiner, Auckland university of Technology (2019)
  • Reviewer, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2019)
  • Master's thesis examiner, Otago Polytechnic (2019)
  • Journal reviewer, South African Journal of Research in Sport, Physcial Exercise and Recreation (2019)
  • reviewer, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2019)
  • Reviewer, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2019)
  • journal reviewer, Frontiers in Psychology (2019)
  • Master's Thesis examiner, Massey University (2019)
  • Reviewer, Journal of Human Kinetics (2019)
  • journal reviewer, International Sport Coaching Journal / ISCJ (2019)
  • reviewer, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research (2019)

Contribution to academic environment

  • Moderator of AUT Skill Learning Paper, AUT (2019)

Other professional recognition

  • Peer Esteem. Review of Academic for Promotion, National Research Foundation/Research and Innovation Support and Advancement South Africa (2019)

Research outputs:

Featured research outputs

  • Spencer, K., & Vera, A. (2019). Effective coach feedback and fighter application in mixed martial arts. In International Council for Coaching Excellence Global Coach Conference. Tokyo: ICCE. Retrieved from https://www.gcc2019.com/en

  • Farley, O., Spencer, K., & Baudinet, L. (2019). Virtual reality and the implementation in coaching, skill acquisition and application to surfing. In International Council for Coaching Excellence Global Coach Conference. Tokyo: ICCE. Retrieved from http://www.icce-2019.com/

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2019). Understanding how hackground, experience and aspiration vary with coach gender. In International Council for Coaching Excellence Global Coach Conference. Tokyo: ICCE. Retrieved from http://www.icce-2019.com/

  • Farley, O. R. L., Spencer, K., & Baudinet, L. (2019). Virtual reality in sports coaching, skill acquisition and application to surfing: A review. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. doi:10.14198/jhse.2020.153.06

  • Spencer, K. (2019). Utilization of performance analysis among New Zealand Touch rugby coaches. In K. Sasaki, & N. James (Eds.), Japanese Journal of Rugby Science Vol. 31 (pp. 39). Nagoya. Retrieved from http://apcpas2019.com/data/proceeding1105.pdf

  • Spencer, K., Paget, N., Farley, O. R. L., & Kilding, A. E. (2019). Activity profile of elite netball umpires during match play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003248

  • donovan, K., & Spencer, K. (2018). How does fatigue impact the technical execution of a back handspring in cheerleading?. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 1-6. doi:10.14198/jhse.2019.143.16

  • Burkhart, M., & Spencer, K. (2018). Offensive Tendencies of Major League Baseball Teams, Regular Season Versus Postseason. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics (Activity & Health, (3), 10-20. Retrieved from https://www.thescopes.org/

  • Spencer, K. (2018). Netball - Happy Landings. In World Congress of Performance Analysis in SPort. Opatija. Retrieved from http://ispas2018.com/

  • Smart, R., & Spencer, K. (2018). Influence of Fatigue in Rugby League Players: Comparing College and Club Competitions. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics in Health & Wellbeing, (3), 31-45. Retrieved from https://www.thescopes.org/health-and-wellbeing-3/new-scopes-article-page-5/

  • Walters, S., Spencer, K., Farnham, A., Williams, V., & Lucas, P. (2018). Humanistic sports coaching and the Marist organization: A multi-case study in the Philippines. Journal of Sport for Development, 6(11).

  • Croft, H., Spencer, K., Robertson, S., & Cronin, J. (2017). The problem with big data and coaching: closing the gap - a review. Scope (Activity and Health), 1(1).

  • Spencer, K. (2017). Performance Analysis – Enhancing Talent Through Knowledge (No. Of Pieces: 5 mins) [Artefact]. Sci21 Web site: Sci21.

  • Spencer, K., & Wolf, S. (2017). Small-sided games: Is 6v6 a positive progression for the development of junior netball?. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics (Health & Wellbeing), 1. Retrieved from http://www.thescopes.org/health-and-wellbeing-1/

  • Walters, S. R., Spencer, K., & Farnham, A. (2016). Connecting with diverse communities: Athlete-centered coaching, TGfU and sport as a vehicle for social communities. In Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport Vol. 87 Sup 1 (pp. 79). Cologne: Taylor & Francis (Routledge). doi:10.1080/02701367.2016.1213610

  • Spencer, K., Whatman, C., & Reid, D. (2016). Movement competency and association with game performance in secondary school netball players. In British Journal of Sports Medicine Vol. 50 (pp. A1-A12). Newcastle upon Tyne: BMJ Publishing Group. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096952.9

  • Spencer, K. (2014). Preliminary investigation of high risk movement in secondary schools netball. In World Congress of Performance Analysis of Sport X Book of Astracts (pp. 42-43). Opatija: Routledge.

Journal articles

  • Farley, O. R. L., Spencer, K., & Baudinet, L. (2019). Virtual reality in sports coaching, skill acquisition and application to surfing: A review. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise. doi:10.14198/jhse.2020.153.06

  • Spencer, K., Paget, N., Farley, O. R. L., & Kilding, A. E. (2019). Activity profile of elite netball umpires during match play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. doi:10.1519/JSC.0000000000003248

  • donovan, K., & Spencer, K. (2018). How does fatigue impact the technical execution of a back handspring in cheerleading?. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 1-6. doi:10.14198/jhse.2019.143.16

  • Burkhart, M., & Spencer, K. (2018). Offensive Tendencies of Major League Baseball Teams, Regular Season Versus Postseason. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics (Activity & Health, (3), 10-20. Retrieved from https://www.thescopes.org/

  • Spencer, K., & Vera, A. (2018). Effective Coach Feedback and Fighter Application in Mixed Martial Arts. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics in Health & Wellbeing, (3), 61-74. Retrieved from https://www.thescopes.org/health-and-wellbeing-3/new-scopes-article-page-8/

  • Smart, R., & Spencer, K. (2018). Influence of Fatigue in Rugby League Players: Comparing College and Club Competitions. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics in Health & Wellbeing, (3), 31-45. Retrieved from https://www.thescopes.org/health-and-wellbeing-3/new-scopes-article-page-5/

  • Walters, S., Spencer, K., Farnham, A., Williams, V., & Lucas, P. (2018). Humanistic sports coaching and the Marist organization: A multi-case study in the Philippines. Journal of Sport for Development, 6(11).

  • Croft, H., Spencer, K., Robertson, S., & Cronin, J. (2017). The problem with big data and coaching: closing the gap - a review. Scope (Activity and Health), 1(1).

  • Spencer, K., & Wolf, S. (2017). Small-sided games: Is 6v6 a positive progression for the development of junior netball?. Scope: Contemporary Research Topics (Health & Wellbeing), 1. Retrieved from http://www.thescopes.org/health-and-wellbeing-1/

  • Spencer, K., & Schuhmann, M. (2017). The influence of body position on the straddled Tkatchev's flight phase in men's horizontal bar. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 12(1). doi:10.14198/jhse.2017.121.17

  • Spencer, K., Paget, N., & Kilding, A. (2017). Staying ahead of the play? – Energy demands of elite netball umpiring. Journal of Sports Sciences.

  • Mead, S., Spencer, K., & Kidman, L. (2016). Video self-reflection and coach development in New Zealand. Asia-Pacific Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education, 7(2). doi:10.1080/18377122.2016.1196113

  • Spencer, K., & Schuhmann, M. (2015). The Influence of Body Position on the Straddled Tkatchev’s Flight Phase in Men’s Horizontal Bar.

  • Paget, N., Spencer, K., & Kilding, A. (2015). A summary of physiological responses of high performance netball umpires during match play. journal of human sport and exercise, 10(Proc2.17). doi:10.14198/jhse.2015.10.Proc2.17

  • Spencer, K., & Cross, M. (2015). The effect of increasing loading on powerlifting movement form during the squat and deadlift. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(3). doi:10.14198/jhse.2015.103.02

  • Spencer, K., & Brady, H. (2015). Examining the effects of a variation to the ruck law in Rugby Union. Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 10(2). doi:10.14198/jhse.2015.102.02

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2013). Do I pass to my friend or the best player? The influence of psychological variables on passing and performance in field hockey. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 13(2). doi:10.1080/24748668.2013.11868665

  • Spencer, K. (2012). World Congress of Performance Analysis of Sport IX. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 12(3).

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2005). Verbal Coaching Behaviour as a Performance Factor in Field Hockey. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology,, 27(Suppl..

Creative works

  • Spencer, K. (2017). Performance Analysis – Enhancing Talent Through Knowledge (No. Of Pieces: 5 mins) [Artefact]. Sci21 Web site: Sci21.

  • Pointing, S. (2016). Performance Analysis – Enhancing Talent Through Knowledge (No. Of Pieces: 5 mins) [Artefact]. Auckland: AUT. Retrieved from http://sci21.co.nz/

Conference contributions

  • Spencer, K., & Vera, A. (2019). Effective coach feedback and fighter application in mixed martial arts. In International Council for Coaching Excellence Global Coach Conference. Tokyo: ICCE. Retrieved from https://www.gcc2019.com/en

  • Farley, O., Spencer, K., & Baudinet, L. (2019). Virtual reality and the implementation in coaching, skill acquisition and application to surfing. In International Council for Coaching Excellence Global Coach Conference. Tokyo: ICCE. Retrieved from http://www.icce-2019.com/

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2019). Understanding how hackground, experience and aspiration vary with coach gender. In International Council for Coaching Excellence Global Coach Conference. Tokyo: ICCE. Retrieved from http://www.icce-2019.com/

  • Spencer, K. (2019). Utilization of performance analysis among New Zealand Touch rugby coaches. In K. Sasaki, & N. James (Eds.), Japanese Journal of Rugby Science Vol. 31 (pp. 39). Nagoya. Retrieved from http://apcpas2019.com/data/proceeding1105.pdf

  • Spencer, K. (2018). Netball - Happy Landings. In World Congress of Performance Analysis in SPort. Opatija. Retrieved from http://ispas2018.com/

  • Spencer, K. (2018). Small-Sided Games: 6v6 a Positive Progression for the Development of Junior Netball?. In World Congress of Performance Analysis in Sport XII Proceedings (pp. 347). Opatija: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia. Retrieved from http://ispas2018.com/index.php/about-the-congress/

  • Croft, H., Spencer, K., & Robertson, S. (2018). What tactical and technical comments do coaches make during sports matches? A qualitative analysis in netball.. In World Congress of Performance Analysis in Sport XII Proceedings (pp. 137). Opatija. Retrieved from http://ispas2018.com/index.php/about-the-congress/

  • Spencer, K. (2018). Netball- Happy Landings. In World Congress of Performance Analysis of Sport XII Proceedings (pp. 104). Opatija: Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Zagreb, Croatia. Retrieved from http://ispas2018.com/index.php/about-the-congress/

  • Spencer, K. (2017). Performance analysis in coaching design – our futureFerns. In Sports Performance Analysis Conference. Auckland.

  • Spencer, K., Walters, S. R., Farnham, A., & Williams, V. (2017). Connecting with diverse communities: Athlete-centred coaching, TGfU, and Sport as a Vehicle for Connecting with Social Communities. In The 10. dvs-Sportspiel-Symposium & the 6th International TGfU Conference. Cologne.

  • Spencer, K. (2016). Pathway to performance - FutureFern to Fast5. In 2016 High Performance Sport Symposium. Dunedin.

  • Walters, S. R., Spencer, K., & Farnham, A. (2016). Connecting with diverse communities: Athlete-centered coaching, TGfU and sport as a vehicle for social communities. In Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport Vol. 87 Sup 1 (pp. 79). Cologne: Taylor & Francis (Routledge). doi:10.1080/02701367.2016.1213610

  • Spencer, K., Whatman, C., & Reid, D. (2016). Movement competency and association with game performance in secondary school netball players. In British Journal of Sports Medicine Vol. 50 (pp. A1-A12). Newcastle upon Tyne: BMJ Publishing Group. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2016-096952.9

  • Spencer, K., Whatman, C., & Reid, D. (2016). Movement Competency and Association with Game Performance in Secondary School Netball Players.. In International Sport Science and Sport Medicine Conference. Newcastle UK.

  • Spencer, K. (2015). Landing – a high risk action? Investigating movements in Netball.. In ITP Symposium. Hawkes Bay.

  • Walters, S., Spencer., Williams, V., & Farnham, A. (2015). Connecting with diverse communities: Sport as a vehicle for social development. In ITP Sports Research Symposium. Napier.

  • Spencer, K. (2014). Performance Profiling in Small Sided Games. Recognising the Influence of 'Opposition Quality' Fast 5 Netball.. In TgFU Conference. Auckland.

  • Spencer, K. (2014). Movement Analysis of High Performance Netball Umpires. .

  • Spencer, K., Paget, N., & Kilding, A. (2014). Physiological responses of high performance netball umpires during match play. In Asia Pacific Conference of Performance Analysis in Sport. Langkawi.

  • Spencer, K. (2014). Preliminary investigation of high risk movement in secondary schools netball. In World Congress of Performance Analysis of Sport X Book of Astracts (pp. 42-43). Opatija: Routledge.

  • Spencer, K., & Molyneux, J. (2013). Normative performance profiling in Fast5 netball (she who dares, wins). In Bay of Plenty Polytechnic Sports Research Symposium: Research Initiatives in the Sport and Recreation Sector. Tauranga.

  • Spencer, K. (2013). Normative performance profiling in Fast5 netball (she who dares, wins). In Bay of Plenty Polytechnic Sports Research Symposium. .

  • Spencer, K. (2013). Predicting performance from cohesion, friendship affiliation and passing interaction. In Bay of Plenty Polytechnic Sports Research Symposium. Tauranga.

  • Hopkins, W., Malcata, R., Allan, S., & Spencer, K. (2012). The 2012 World Congress on Performance Analysis in Sport, Sportscience, 12(1).. . Retrieved from http://sportssci.org/

  • Spencer, K. (2012). "But I didn't get to touch the ball!"... To what extent does a modified netball game (MNG) influence the development of movement skills for 8-10 year olds playing netball?. In World Congress of Performance Analysis of Sport IX. Worcester.

  • Spencer, K. (2012). Variation in coach behavour & expectation working with female athletes. In Female Coaches Forum. Auckland.

  • Spencer, K. (2012). Developing Thinking Athletes/Players: The differences in decision making for 8-10 year old youths playing netball and a modified netball game (MNG).. In Teaching Games for Understanding Conference,. England.

  • Spencer, K., & Kidman, L. (2012). Developing thinking athletes/players: The difference in decision making for 8-10 year old youths playing netball and modified netball game (MNG). In Fifth International Teaching Games for Understanding Conference. Loughborough.

  • Spencer, K. (2011). Field Hockey - Technology & Coaching Analysis. In Technologies in Sport: Performance, Bodies and Ethics Symposium. Dunedin.

  • Spencer, K. (2011). Planning, Organisation, and Structure of Practice - Does Coach Gender Make a Difference?. In Technologies in Sport. Dunedin.

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2009). The Influence Of Leadership Gender on Patterns of Play. In 12th World Congress of Sport Psychology. Marrakesh.

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2006). Practice what you preach – the influence of leadership gender on patterns of play. In Practice what you preach – the influence of leadership gender on patterns of play. Szombathey.

  • Spencer, K. (2005). Verbal Coaching Behaviour as a Performance Factor in Field Hockey. In ”. North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, Annual Conference. Tampa.

  • Spencer, K., & Griffin, M. (2004). Performance Effects of Coach Gender in Women’s Field Hockey. In World Congress of Performance Analysis in Sport VI. Belfast.

Reports

  • Walters, S., Brotherton, T., & Spencer, K. (2018). Good Sports Project Manager Insights: Report to Aktive Auckland Sport and Recreation.

  • Brotherton, T., Spencer, K., Farnham, A., & Walters, S. (2018). Good Sports Developer Engagement Report: Report to Aktive Auckland Sport and Recreation.

  • Spencer, K. (2016). Performance Analysis Systems: Performance Analysis Systems (1). Auckland: AUT.

  • Spencer, K., & Wolf, S. (2016). NNZ Junior Development
    6v6 Programme
    Technical Report
    . Auckland, New Zealand.

  • Spencer, K., & Wolf, S. (2015). Evaluation of the Junior Coaching Review. A technical report for New Zealand Netball (1). nz.

  • Spencer, K., Paget, N., & Kilding, A. (2014). Umpire Work Rate and Movement Analysis. Technical Report to Netball New Zealand. Report Five. Auckland.

  • Paget, N., Spencer, K., & Kilding, A. (2014). Movement Type and Court Area of High Performance Netball Umpires. Auckland.

  • Paget, N., Spencer, K., & Kilding, A. (2013). A Summary of Fitness Levels of ANZC Umpires, and Heart Rate Responses During ANZC Match Play. A technical report for New Zealand Netball.: A Summary of Fitness Levels of ANZC Umpires, and Heart Rate Responses During ANZC Match Play. A technical report for New Zealand Netball..

  • Oldham, A. R. H., Spencer, K., Clancy, S., Venables, J., & Wilkie, H. (2013). V-Ball as a Modified Training Game for the Development of Young Netball Players.
    Draft Final to: Netball New Zealand
    .

Theses

  • Spencer, K. (2010). Male coach or female coach : how this choice influences performance in elite women's field hockey. (Essex University, UK).

Oral presentations

  • Walters, S., Spencer, K., & Farnham, A. (2016). Connecting with Diverse Communities: Athlete-Centered Coaching, TGfU, and Sport as a Vehicle for Social Communities.

  • Spencer, K., & Wolf, S. (2015). Year 5 & 6 Pilot netball review 2015. A presentation to the New Zealand Netball Board. Netball New Zealand, Auckland.

  • Spencer, K. (2014). Gender and Sports Performance. Auckland, NZ.

  • Spencer, K., Paget, N., & Kilding, A. (2013). A summary of physiological responses of high performance netball umpires during match play. Auckland.

  • Spencer, K. (2013). Research in Performance Analysis and it's Benefit to Coaching. AUT MIllennium.

  • Spencer, K. (2013). Spencer, K.N. (2013). Predicting Performance from Cohesion, Friendship affiliation and Passing Interaction..

  • Spencer, K. (2013). Molyneux, J. and Spencer, K.N. (2013). Normative Performance Profiling in Fast5 Netball (She who dares, Wins).

  • Spencer, K. (2012). Coaching the female athlete. Auckland, NZ.

  • Spencer, K. (2011). Field Hockey - Technology & Coaching Analysis. Dunedin, NZ.

Working paper/discussions

  • Spencer, K. (2016). Movement Patterns in Secondary Netball/Landing..A High Risk Strategy?.

  • Spencer, K., & Wolf, S. (2016). Netball 6v6.

Other outputs

  • Middlemas, S., Spencer, K., Croft, H., & Robertson, S. (2018). Conference Report: THE FIRST ANNUAL ISPAS-OCEANIA PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS CONFERENCE. In Scope: Contemporary Research Topics in Health & Wellbeing (Vol. 3, pp. 132-144). Retrieved from https://www.thescopes.org/

  • Spencer, K. (2015). AUT KIN. In https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u-gwd1-k20c.

  • Juggins, S., & Spencer, K. (2014). Hockey coaches figure it out. In http://www.fih.ch/news/search/?keywords=hockey+coaches+figure+it+out. Retrieved from http://www.fih.ch/news/search/?keywords=hockey+coaches+figure+it+out

  • Spencer, K. (2014). Hockey coaches figure it out. In http://www.fieldhockey.com/archives/index.php/2014/16-august/242-news-27-august-2014.