Professor Gail Pacheco

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Director NZWRI



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Gail Pacheco is a Professor of Economics and Director of the NZ Work Research Institute at AUT.

She is an applied econometrician with a passion for evidence-based analysis, particularly in the labour and health fields. The majority of her research focuses on utilising linked administrative data (with particularly strong use of the Integrated Data Infrastructure from Statistics NZ) to inform policy debate.

Gail has extensive experience leading large-scale, multi-institutional funded projects, including work for MBIE (Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment), Ministry of Women, Ministry of Education, and Human Rights Commission, all with high policy-relevance. As principal investigator, she has been awarded close to $7million in competitive external grants since 2015 - including funding from the Health Research Council and the MBIE Endeavour Fund.

Evidence of the policy impact of her work is highlighted by being the 2018 recipient of the NZIER Economics Award that recognises “outstanding contributions to the advancement of economics and its applications in NZ”, which are of “relevance to the economic welfare of NZ” and “likely to be of long-term lasting importance to NZ”.

In 2019, she was appointed as a Commissioner at the Productivity Commission and also received the AUT Medal (AUT’s top award) for her research, scholarship and application of integrated data to help inform social policy and wellbeing.

For more details regarding current research and a document library containing published reports - go to

Research outputs:

Journal articles

  • Pacheco, G., Li, C., & Cochrane, B. (2019). An empirical examination of the gender pay gap in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 44(1), 1-20. Retrieved from

  • Dasgupta, K., & Pacheco, G. (2019). Health care home: Early evidence from linked administrative data in New Zealand. B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 19(3). doi:10.1515/bejeap-2019-0054

  • Jiang, N., Pacheco, G., & Dasgupta, K. (2019). Understanding the transient population: Insights from linked administrative data. Journal of Population Research, 36(2), 111-136. doi:10.1007/s12546-019-09223-y

  • Meehan, L., Pacheco, G., & Pushon, Z. (2019). Explaining ethnic disparities in bachelor’s degree participation: Evidence from NZ. Studies in Higher Education, 44(7), 1130-1152. doi:10.1080/03075079.2017.1419340

  • Dasgupta, K., & Pacheco, G. (2018). Warrantless arrest laws for domestic violence: How are youth affected?. The BE Journal of Economic Analysis and Policy, 18(1). doi:10.1515/bejeap-2017-0114

  • Dasgupta, K., & Pacheco, G. (2018). The impact of child welfare legislation on domestic violence-related homicide rates. Health Economics, 27(5). doi:10.1002/hec.3643

  • Cochrane, B., Pacheco, G., & Li, C. (2017). Temporary-permanent wage gap: Does type of work and location in distribution matter?. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 20(2). Retrieved from

  • Dye, J., Gilbert, A., & Pacheco, G. (2017). Does integration lead to lower costs of equity?. Australian Journal of Management, 42(1). doi:10.1177/0312896215576810

  • Pacheco, G., van der Westhuizen, D. W., Ghobadian, A., Webber, D. J., & O'Regan, N. (2016). The changing influence of societal culture on job satisfaction across Europe. British Journal of Management, 27(3). doi:10.1111/1467-8551.12150

  • Webber, D., & Pacheco, G. (2016). Changes in intra-city employment patterns: A spatial analysis. International Journal of Social Economics, 43(3). doi:10.1108/IJSE-02-2014-0027

  • Pacheco, G. A., & Webber, D. (2016). Job satisfaction: How crucial is participative decision making?. Personnel Review, 45(1). doi:10.1108/PR-04-2014-0088

  • Hedges, M., & Pacheco, G. (2015). Student engagement and exam performance: It's (still) ability that matters most. Australasian Journal of Economics Education, 12(2). Retrieved from

  • Webber, D., Pacheco, G., & Page, D. (2015). Temporary versus permanent employment: Does health matter?. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 18(2). Retrieved from

  • Dawson, C., Veliziotis, M., Pacheco, G., & Webber, D. J. (2015). Is temporary employment a cause or consequence of poor mental health? A panel data analysis. Social Science and Medicine, 134. doi:10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.04.001

  • Pacheco, G., & Owen, B. (2015). Moving through the political participation hierarchy: A focus on personal values. Applied Economics, 47(3). doi:10.1080/00036846.2014.967384

  • Mearman, A., Pacheco, G. A., Webber, D., Ivlevs, A., & Rahman, T. (2014). Understanding student attendance in business schools: an exploratory study. International Review of Economics Education. Retrieved from doi:10.1016/j.iree.2014.10.002

  • Jiang, N., & Pacheco, G. (2014). Demand in New Zealand hospitals: Expect the unexpected?. Applied Economics, 46(36). doi:10.1080/00036846.2014.964830

  • Hedges, M. R., Pacheco, G. A., & Webber, D. J. (2014). What determines students’ choices of elective modules?. International Review of Economics Education, 17. doi:10.1016/j.iree.2014.05.003

  • Pacheco, G. A., Page, D., & Webber, D. (2014). Mental and physical health: Re-assessing the relationship with employment propensity. Work, Employment and Society, 28(3). doi:10.1177/0950017013491450

  • Sen, R., Srivastava, S., & Pacheco, G. (2013). The early effects of preferential trade agreements on intra-regional trade within ASEAN+6 members. Journal of Southeast Asian Economies, 30(3). doi:10.1355/ae30-3a

  • Pacheco, G. A., & Dye, J. (2013). Estimating the cost of youth disengagement in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 38(2). Retrieved from

  • Pacheco, G. A., Hedges, M., Schilling, C., & Morton, S. (2013). Pre- and postnatal drivers of childhood intelligence: Evidence from Singapore. Journal of Biosocial Science, 45(1). doi:10.1017/S0021932012000156

  • Pacheco, G. A., Rossouw, S., & Lewer, J. (2013). Do Non-Economic Quality of Life Factors Drive Immigration?. Social Indicators Research, 110(1). doi:10.1007/s11205-011-9924-4

  • Maloney, T., & Pacheco, G. (2012). Assessing the possible antipoverty effects of recent rises in age-specific minimum wages in New Zealand. Review of Income and Wealth, 58(4). doi:10.1111/j.1475-4991.2012.00513.x

  • Pacheco, G. A., & Webber, D. (2012). Quality of life research in economics: An introduction to the special issue. New Zealand Economic Papers, 46(3). doi:10.1080/00779954.2012.725546

  • Dye, J., Rossouw, S., & Pacheco, G. A. (2012). Well-being of women in New Zealand: The changing landscape. New Zealand Economic Papers, 46(3). doi:10.1080/00779954.2012.722845

  • Van Der Westhuizen, D., Pacheco, G. A., & Webber, D. (2012). Culture, participative decision making and job satisfaction. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 23(13). doi:10.1080/09585192.2011.625967

  • Kumar, S., & Pacheco, G. (2012). What determines the long run growth rate in Kenya?. Journal of Policy Modeling, 34(5). doi:10.1016/j.jpolmod.2012.01.009

  • Rossouw, S., & Pacheco, G. (2012). Measuring Non-Economic Quality of Life on a Sub-National Level: A Case Study of New Zealand. Journal of Happiness Studies, 13(3). doi:10.1007/s10902-011-9272-8

  • Pacheco, G. (2011). Estimating employment impacts with binding minimum wage constraints. The Economic Record, 87(279). doi:10.1111/j.1475-4932.2011.00722.x

  • Pacheco, G., & Lange, T. (2010). Political Participation and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-European Analysis. International Journal of Social Economics, 37(9).

  • Maloney, T., & Pacheco, G. (2010). Interpreting Changes in Minimum Wage Incidence Rates. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 13(3). Retrieved from

  • Lange, T., Pacheco, G., & Shrotryia, V. (2010). Culture, Industrialisation and Multiple Domains of Employees' Job Satisfaction: A Case for HS Strategy Redesign in India. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 21(13).

  • Pacheco, G. (2009). Who are Minimum and Sub-Minimum Wage Workers?. International Journal of Manpower, 30(6).

  • Pacheco, G. (2009). Revisiting the link between minimum wage and wage inequality: Empirical evidence from New Zealand. Economics Letters, 105(3).

  • Fargher, S., Lange, T., & Pacheco, G. (2009). The Economic Psychology of Subjective Well-Being: Latent Variable Modelling with Hedonic and Eudaimonic Moderators. The Empirical Economics Letters, 8(1).

  • Fargher, S., Kesting, S., Lange, T., & Pacheco, G. (2008). Cultural Heritage and Job Satisfaction in Eastern and Western Europe. International Journal of Manpower, 29(7).

  • Pacheco, G. (2008). The Changing Role of Minimum Wage in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Employment Relations, 32(3).

  • Fitzgerald, J., Maloney, T., & Pacheco, G. (2008). The Impact of Recent Changes in Family Assistance on Partnering and Women's Employment in New Zealand. New Zealand Economic Papers, 42(1).

  • Knechel, R., Naiker, V., & Pacheco, G. (2007). Does auditor industry specialization matter? Evidence from market reaction to auditor switches. Auditing: A Journal of Practice and Theory, 26(1).

  • Pacheco, G., & Cruickshank, A. (2007). Minimum wage effects on educational enrolments in New Zealand. Economics of Education Review, 26(5).

  • Pacheco, G., & Naiker, V. (2006). Impact of the minimum wage on expected profits. International Review of Applied Economics, 20.

  • Pacheco, G. A., & Maloney, T. (2003). Are the Determinants of Intergenerational Welfare Dependency Gender-Specific?. Australian Journal of Labour Economics, 6(3). Retrieved from

  • Maloney, T., Maani, S., & Pacheco, G. (2003). Integenerational welfare participation in New Zealand. Australian Economic Papers, 42(3).

  • Pacheco, G. A., & Maloney, T. (1999). Does the Minimum Wage Reduce the Employment Prospects of Unqualified New Zealand Women. New Zealand Journal of Labour Market Research, 1.

Oral presentations

  • Erwin, C., Pacheco, G., & Turcu, A. (2020). Capping problem gambling in NZ: The effectiveness of local government intervention. webinar.

Working paper/discussions

  • Pacheco, G., Plum, A., & Sloane, P. (2020). Not much bounce in the springboard: On the mobility of low pay workers. IZA Institute of Labor Economics. Retrieved from

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