Dr Cassandra Mudgway

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Senior Lecturer

Email: cassandra.mudgway@aut.ac.nz


  • PhD in Law, University of Canterbury
  • LLB(Hons), University of Canterbury
  • BA, University of Canterbury


Dr Cassandra Mudgway joined the Law School in 2016. She teaches and writes in the areas of feminist legal theory, international human rights law and international criminal law. She is also on the teaching teams for Legal Reasoning and Writing and Criminal Law.

In 2018, Cassandra published her PhD research as a book: Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by UN Peacekeepers: Towards a Hybrid Solution (Routledge). She is now researching the use of the term “patriarchy” in international law, and is continuing her work looking at sexual harassment and bullying in the armed forces.

Outside of academia, Cassandra has interests in human rights and feminist activism. She was one of the founders of the University of Canterbury’s Feminist Society and has been an active member of the National Council of Women New Zealand.

Teaching summary:

Legal Reasoning and Writing
Constitutional Law
International Criminal Law
Criminal Law

Fields of research:

  • Human Rights Law
  • International Law (Excl. International Trade Law)
  • Feminist Theory

Professional activities:

    Research outputs:


    • Mudgway, C. (2018). Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by Peacekeepers: Towards a Hybrid Solution. London and New York: Routledge. Retrieved from https://www.routledge.com/

    Journal articles

    • Mudgway, C., & Ayoubi, L. (2020). International Human Rights Law. New Zealand Yearbook of International Law, 16, 285-309. doi:10.1163/9789004423268_012

    • Mudgway, C. (2019). Ending sexual abuse in the international aid sector: Evaluation of the UK response. European Human Rights Law Review, 2019(5), 535-544.

    • Mudgway, C. (2017). Sexual exploitation by UN peacekeepers: The ‘survival sex’ gap in international human rights law. The International Journal of Human Rights, 21(9). doi:10.1080/13642987.2017.1348720

    Book chapters

    • Mudgway, C. (2017). Commentary: 'Well, what did you think would happen?'. In E. McDonald, R. Powell, M. Stephens, & R. Hunter (Eds.), Feminist judgments of Aotearoa New Zealand. Te Rino: A two-stranded rope (pp. 447-454). Oxford, UK: Hart Publishing.

    Conference contributions

    • Mudgway, C. (2019). Is patriarchy illegal under International Law?. In Law and Society Association Annual Meeting: Dignity. Washington DC. Retrieved from https://www.lawandsociety.org/WashingtonDC2019/Washington2019.html

    • Mudgway, C. (2017). United Nations peacekeepers and sexual crimes: Towards a hybrid solution. In ANZSIL 25th Annual Conference: Sustaining the international legal order in an era of rising nationalism. Canberra.

    • Mudgway, C. (2016). Victims of sexual exploitation by peacekeepers: The question of agency in the UN’s zero-tolerance policy. In International Symposium European Union Centre Network NZ: Resistance, Blacklash and Power: Gender Equality and Feminist New Practice in EU and Global Discourse. Christchurch.

    • Mudgway, C. (2016). Sexual exploitation by UN peacekeepers: The 'Survival Sex' gap in international human rights law. In ANSIL 24th Annual Conference. Canberra. Retrieved from http://anzsil.org.au/

    • Mudgway, C. (2015). Sexual exploitation and abuse by UN peacekeepers within the framework of violence against women. In National Intersectional Feminist Day Conference. Christchurch: University of Canterbury Feminist Society. Retrieved from https://ucfemsoc.wordpress.com/

    • Mudgway, C. (2014). Sexual exploitation by UN peacekeepers: A special court for peacekeeping “crimes”?. In ANZSIL Post-Graduate Research Workshop. Canberra: Australian and New Zealand Society of International Law. Retrieved from http://anzsil.org.au/events

    • Mudgway, C. (2012). Sexual exploitation by UN peacekeepers: A UN with enforcement jurisdiction?. In AFLANZ Military Discipline in the 21st Century. Devonport, Auckland. Retrieved from https://invisiblecollege.weblog.leidenuniv.nl/

    Oral presentations

    • Mudgway, C. (2019). "Patriarchy" in International Human Rights Law. Melbourne, Australia. Retrieved from http://events.unimelb.edu.au/

    • Mudgway, C. (2015). Sexual Exploitation and Abuse by UN Peacekeepers: Towards a More Radical Solution. Christchurch, New Zealand.

    Other outputs

    • Mudgway, C., & Jones, K. (2020). As use of digital platforms surges, we’ll need stronger global efforts to protect human rights online. The Conversation. Retrieved from http://www.theconversation.com/nz

    • Mudgway, C. (2019). Smashing the patriarchy: Why international law should be doing more. Women, Peace and Security Centre at the London School of Economics and Political Science. Retrieved from https://blogs.lse.ac.uk/

    • Mudgway, C. (2018). The international criminal court in an effective global justice system (by Linda E Carter, Mark S Ellis and Charles Chernor Jalloh). In New Zealand Yearbook of International Law (Vol. 14, 2016). Brill | Nijhoff. doi:10.1163/9789004345911_019

    • Mudgway, C. (2018). Urgent action needed to enforce zero tolerance of sexual exploitation by aid workers. The Conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/

    • Mudgway, C. (2018). [Review of book International Human Rights Law in Aotearoa New Zealand by Margaret Bedggood, Kris Gledhill and Ian McIntosh (eds)]. In The New Zealand yearbook of international law. (Vol. 16, pp. 439-444). Brill.

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