Professor Susan Crowther

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1417- Acting Associate Dean, Postgraduate Research

Email: susan.crowther@aut.ac.nz

ORCID: ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4133-2189

Academic appointments:

  • Professor of Midwifery, Auckland University of Technology (2019 - ongoing)
  • Professor of midwifery, RGU University (2015 - 2019)
  • Senior Lecturer, AUT (2010 - 2015)
  • Senior lecturer practitioner, Homerton College and Addenbrookes NHS trust (2002 - 2006)

Qualifications:

  • PhD, AUT
  • MSc, Surrey Uni
  • BSc (Hons), Kings College London
  • PGCERT (ED), PG Cert Ed

Research interests:

Midwifery
Women's health
Spirituality and childbirth
Rural and remote rural maternity care
Rural midwifery
Continuity of carer midwifery care
Sustainable midwifery practice
Qualitative methodologies: e.g. Hermeneutic phenomenology, qualitative descriptive, appreciative inquiry, co-operative inquiry, grounded theory

Teaching summary:

Postgraduate supervision - doctorates, masters and honours
PG research methods

Professional activities:

Featured professional activities

    Facilitation, networking and collaboration

    • Research Collaboration University of Cardiff, Aberdeen and AUT, Research Collaboration to bring two bodies of midwifery research together in a discussion paper (2016 - 2017)

Research outputs:

Books

  • Crowther, S. (2020). Joy at birth: An interpretive, hermeneutic, phenomenological inquiry. New York, NY: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780429424144

Journal articles

  • Crowther, S., Stephen, A., & Hall, J. (2020). Association of psychosocial-spiritual experiences around childbirth and subsequent perinatal mental health outcomes: An integrated review. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 38(1), 60-85. doi:10.1080/02646838.2019.1616680

  • Crowther, S., Lau, A., & MacIver, E. (2020). Developing and introducing a post birth care plan (PBCP): An action research project. Midwifery, 82. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2019.102616

  • Crowther, S. A., Hall, J., Balabanoff, D., Baranowska, B., Kay, L., Menage, D., & Fry, J. (2020). Spirituality and childbirth: An international virtual co–operative inquiry. Women and Birth. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2020.02.004

  • Crowther, S., Rankin, J., Deery, R., Gilkison, A., Davies, L., Daellenbach, R., & Kensington, M. (2020). Experiences and needs of Scotland’s rural midwives. The Practising Midwife, 5(23).

  • Crowther, S., Deery, R., Daellenbach, R., Davies, L., Gilkison, A., Kensington, M., & Rankin, J. (2019). Joys and challenges of relationships in Scotland and New Zealand rural midwifery: A multicentre study. Women and Birth, 32(1), 39-49. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2018.04.004

  • Thomson, G., & Crowther, S. (2019). Phenomenology as a political position within maternity care. Nursing Philosophy, 20(4). doi:10.1111/nup.12275

  • Crowther, S., MacIver, E., & Lau, A. (2019). Policy, evidence and practice for post-birth care plans: A scoping review. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12884-019-2274-y

  • Crowther, S., & Lau, A. (2019). Migrant Polish women overcoming communication challenges in Scottish maternity services: A qualitative descriptive study. Midwifery, 72, 30-38. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2019.02.004

  • Ghani, U., Crowther, S., Kamal, Y., & Wahab, M. (2019). The significance of interfamilial relationships on birth preparedness and complication readiness in Pakistan. Women and Birth, 32(1), e49-e56. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2018.03.005

  • White, A. H., Crowther, S. A., & Lee, S. H. (2019). Supporting rural midwifery practice using a mobile health (mHealth) intervention: A qualitative descriptive study. Rural and Remote Health, 19(3). doi:10.22605/RRH5294

  • Baranowska, B., Doroszewska, A., Kubicka-Kraszyńska, U., Pietrusiewicz, J., Adamska-Sala, I., Kajdy, A., . . . Crowther, S. (2019). Is there respectful maternity care in Poland? Women's views about care during labor and birth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12884-019-2675-y

  • Crowther, S. (2019). Spirituality and childbirth: Existential meanings and contemporary practice realities. Health and Social Care Chaplaincy, 7(2), 115-130. doi:10.1558/HSCC.37288

  • Kensington, M., Rankin, J., Gilkison, A., Daellenbach, R., Crowther, S., Deery, R., & Davies, L. (2018). ‘Living the rural experience-preparation for practice’: The future proofing of sustainable rural midwifery practice through midwifery education. Nurse Education in Practice, 31, 143-150. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2018.06.001

  • Crowther, S., Smythe, L., & Spence, D. (2018). Unsettling moods in rural midwifery practice. Women and Birth, 31(1). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2017.06.019

  • Tabib, M., & Crowther, S. (2018). Service evaluation of relaxation workshops for pregnant women. Journal of Perinatal Education, 27(1), 10-19. doi:10.1891/1058-1243.27.1.10

  • Wojtkowiak, J., & Crowther, S. (2018). An existential and spiritual discussion about childbirth: Contrasting spirituality at the beginning and end of life. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 5(4), 261-272. doi:10.1037/scp0000188

  • Knox, S., Crowther, S., McAra-Couper, J., & Gilkison, A. (2018). Health policy and its unintended consequences for midwife-woman partnerships: Is normal pregnancy at risk when the BMI measure is used?. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, (54), 30-37. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl54.2018.4.30-37

  • Gilkison, A., Rankin, K., Kensington, M., Daellenbach, R., Davies, L., Deery, R., & Crowther, S. (2017). A woman's hand and a lion's heart: Skills and attributes for rural midwifery practice in New Zealand and Scotland. Midwifery, 58. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2017.12.009

  • Crowther, S., Ironside, P., Spence, D., & Smythe, L. (2017). Crafting stories in hermeneutic phenomenology research: A methodological device. Qualitative Health Research, 27(6). doi:10.1177/1049732316656161

  • Mcfadden, A., Gavine, A., Renfrew, M. J., Wade, A., Buchanan, P., Taylor, J. L., . . . Macgillivray, S. (2017). Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, (2). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub5

  • Crowther, S. (2016). Providing rural and remote rural midwifery care: an 'expensive hobby'. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 52, 26-34. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl52.2016.4.26-34

  • Crowther, S., Hunter, B., McAra-Couper, J., Warren, L., Gilkison, A., Hunter, M., . . . Kirkham, M. (2016). Sustainability and resilience in midwifery: A discussion paper. Midwifery, 40. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2016.06.005

  • Hunter, M., Crowther, S., McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., MacGregor, D., & Gunn, J. (2016). Generosity of spirit sustains caseloading Lead Maternity Carer midwives in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 52. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl52.2016.8.50-55

  • Crowther, S., & Smythe, E. (2016). Open, trusting relationships underpin safety in rural maternity a hermeneutic phenomenology study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16. doi:10.1186/s12884-016-1164-9

  • Smythe, E., Hunter, M., Gunn, J., Crowther, S., McAra-Couper, J., Wilson, S., & Payne, D. (2016). Midwifing the notion of a 'good' birth: A philosophical analysis. Midwifery, 37. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2016.03.012

  • Crowther, S. (2015). Celebrating and honouring midwifery in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 51, 4. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl51.2015.0.4

  • Crowther, S., & Hall, J. (2015). Spirituality and spiritual care in and around childbirth. Women and Birth, 28(2). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2015.01.001

  • Crowther, S., Smythe, E., & Spence, D. (2015). Kairos time at the moment of birth. Midwifery, 31(4). doi:10.1016/j.midw.2014.11.005

  • Crowther, S., & Hall, J. (2015). Spirituality and spiritual care in and around childbirth. Women and Birth, 28(2). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2015.01.001

  • Gilkison, A., McAra-Couper, J., Gunn, J., Crowther, C., Hunter, M., Macgregor, D., & Hotchin, C. (2015). Midwifery practice arrangements which sustain caseloading Lead Maternity Carer midwives in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 51. Retrieved from https://www.midwife.org.nz/resources-events/nzcom-journal/issue-51/

  • Gilkison, A., McAra-Couper, J., Gunn, J., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., Macgregor, D., & Hotchin, C. (2015). Midwifery practice arrangements which sustain caseloading lead maternity carer midwives in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 51. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl51.2015.2.11-16

  • Farry, A., & Crowther, S. (2014). Cultural safety in New Zealand midwifery practice Part 2. Practising Midwife, 17(7), 30-33.

  • Crowther, S., Smythe, E., & Spence, D. (2014). The joy at birth: An interpretive hermeneutic literature review. Midwifery, 30(4). doi:10.1016/j.midw.2014.01.004

  • Crowther, S., Smythe, L., & Spence, D. (2014). Mood and birth experience. Women and Birth, 27(1). Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871519213000358?via=ihub

  • Farry, A., & Crowther, S. (2014). Cultural safety in New Zealand midwifery practice: Part 1. The Practising Midwife, 17(6).

  • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., Hotchin, C., & Gunn, J. (2014). Partnership and reciprocity with women sustain lead maternity carer midwives in practice. Journal- New Zealand College of Midwives, 49. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl49.2014.5.29-33

  • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., Hotchin, C., & Gunn, J. (2014). Partnership and reciprocity with women sustain Lead Maternity Carer midwives in practice. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 49. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl49.2014.5.29-33

  • Crowther, S., Smythe, E., & Spence, D. (2014). The joy at birth: An interpretive hermeneutic literature review. Midwifery, 30(4).

  • Crowther, S. (2013). The lived experiences of midwives with spirituality in childbirth: Mana from heaven. Practicing Midwife, 16(5). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23789254

  • Crowther, S. (2013). Sacred space at the moment of birth. The practising midwife, 16(11).

  • Crowther, S., Smythe, L., & Spence, D. (2013). Mood and birth experience. Women and Birth. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2013.02.004

  • Crowther, S. (2012). Midwives working with women: Integrating community, home and hospital. 24-26 August, New Zealand College of Midwives, Wellington.. Pract Midwife, 15(11). Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/

  • Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., & Hunter, M. (2011). Comment on the Evers et al., (2010). Perinatal
    mortality and severe morbidity in low and high
    risk term pregnancies in the Netherlands. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 42. Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/

  • Crowther, S. (2011). Reading, evaluating and interpreting phenomenological research. The Practicing Midwife, 14(5).

  • Crowther, S. (2011). Review of [Qualitative Research in Midwifery and Childbirth: Penomenological Approaches]. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 45.

  • Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., & Hunter, M. (2011). Comment on the Evers et al., (2010) Perinatal mortality and severe morbidity in low and high risk term pregnancies in the Netherlands. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 44. Retrieved from http://www.midwife.org.nz/index.cfm/3,114,279/nzcom-journal-44.pdf

  • Crowther, S. (2011). Reading, evaluating and interpreting phenomenological research. Practising Midwife, 14(5).

  • Crowther, S. (2010). Blood tests for investigating maternal wellbeing: Testing for anemia in pregnancy. The Practicing Midwife, 13(10).

  • Crowther, S., Gilkison, A., & Hunter, M. (2010). Comment on the Wax et al., (2010) meta-analysis of home vs. hospital birth. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 43.

  • Crowther, S. (2010). Are there opposing or complementary paradigms?. The Practicing Midwife, 13(3). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

  • Crowther, S. (2009). Examination of the newborn and neonatal health: a multidimensional approach.. Unknown Journal, 12(11).

  • Crowther, S. (2009). Research unwrapped Diagnosis of active labour. Practicing Midwife, 12(7). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

  • Crowther, S. (2009). New Zealand: The goveranance of midwifery practice. Practicing Midwife, 12(3). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

  • Crowther, S. (2008). Research unwrapped Booked home births and IPPM rates. Practising Midwife, 11(11), 43-45.

  • Crowther, S. (2008). Booked home births and IPPM rates.. Unknown Journal, 11(11).

  • Crowther, S. (2008). Continuity of carer: Is it worth it?. Practicing Midwife, 11(1). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

  • Crowther, S. (2007). Research unwrapped Nuchal cord at birth: To cut or not to cut?. Practising Midwife, 10(10), 43-44.

  • Crowther, S. (2007). Letter to the Editor. Ultrasound, 15(3), 185. doi:10.1179/174313407x208721

  • Crowther, S. (2007). Research unwrapped mentoring in New Zealand. Practising Midwife, 10(4), 33-34.

  • Crowther, S. (2006). Birthing position and women's experiences. Practising Midwife, 9(9), 34-35.

  • Crowther, S. (2006). Lotus birth: Leaving the cord alone. Practising Midwife, 9(6), 12-14.

  • Crowther, S. (2006). Listen to your inner voice. Practising Midwife, 9(4), 4-5.

  • Lindsay, P., & Burvill, S. (2005). An extra pair of hands. Unknown Journal, 8(4). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (2005). Research unwrapped. The role of water in reducing dystocia. Unknown Journal, 8(8). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (2004). Empowering women in Nagorno-Karabakh. Unknown Journal, 7(2). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (2004). A higher level of exposure. Unknown Journal, 7(5). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (2003). Comment. First impressions of the new antenatal guideline. Unknown Journal, 6(11). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (2002). Midwifery diagnosis of labour onset. Unknown Journal, 10(10). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (2000). Multiple sclerosis and two births at home. Unknown Journal, 3(10). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

  • Burvill, S. (1994). Malawian midwifery: a case for midwifery electives... Midwifery Matters No. 60 -- Spring 1994. Unknown Journal, (100). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

Book chapters

  • Crowther, S. (2019). Birth and spirituality. In L. Zsolnai, & B. Flanagan (Eds.), The Routledge international handbook of spirituality in society and the professions (pp. 113-119). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315445489_13

  • Hall, J., & Crowther, S. (2018). Conclusion: ‘There is something going on at birth!’. In S. Crowther, & J. Hall (Eds.), Spirituality and childbirth: Meaning and care at the start of life (pp. 189-196). Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315389646

  • Crowther, S. (2018). Childbirth as a sacred celebration. In S. Crowther, & J. Hall (Eds.), Spirituality and childbirth: Meaning and care at the start of life (pp. 13-29). Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315389646

  • Crowther, S. (2017). RESILIENCE AND SUSTAINABILITY AMONGST MATERNITY CARE PROVIDERS. In PSYCHOSOCIAL RESILIENCE AND RISK IN THE PERINATAL PERIOD: IMPLICATIONS AND GUIDANCE FOR PROFESSIONALS (pp. 185-200). Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

  • Meehan, H., & Crowther, S. (2015). Managing breech presentation in the absence of obstetric and paediatric support. In Managing Childbirth Emergencies in the Community and Low-Tech Settings (pp. 140-162). Macmillan Education UK. doi:10.1007/978-1-137-37482-0_8

  • Burvill, S. (2005). Managing breech presentation in the absence of obstetric assistance. In V. Woodward, K. Bates, & N. Young (Eds.), Managing childbirth emergencies in community settings (pp. 111-138). Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

  • Burvill, S. (2003). Multiple sclerosis. In S. Wicken (Ed.), Midwifery: best practice (pp. 228-231). London, United Kingdom: Elsevier Science Limited Books for Midwives. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

Conference contributions

  • Crowther, S. (2016). Attuning Joyfully in Kairos Time at the Moment of Birth. In INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUALITATIVE METHODS Vol. 15. Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

  • Crowther, S. (2015). Generosity of Spirit. .

  • Crowther, S. (2015). Kairos at birth: Insights in and around birthing. In ICM Asia Pacific Regional Conference. Yokohama. Retrieved from http://www.icmaprc2015.org/en/program.html

  • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., & Gunn, J. (2014). Sustainable lead maternity care (LCM) midwifery practice: What sustains case loading midwives in New Zealand. In International Congress of Midwives 30th Triennial Congress. Prague.

  • Crowther, S. (2014). Sacred joy at birth: Hermeneutic phenomenological study. In Midwifery Research Symposium New Zealand (AUT) and Scotland (UWS) collborations. Paisley.

  • Crowther, S. (2014). Joy at birth: Poiesis and poetry. In Institute of Hermeneutic Phenomenology. Indianapolis.

  • Crowther, S. (2014). Sustainable Lead Maternity Care - what sustains case loading midwives in New Zealand (NZ)? A qualitative descriptive study. In International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) - 30th Triennial Conference. Prague.

  • Crowther, S. (2013). The challenge of languaging the “special something” at birth:
    What methodology uncovers this phenomenon?. In 6th Biennial Joan Donley Midwifery Research Forum. NZ.

  • Crowther, S. (2013). Place and attuned space at birth. In Re-imagining Birth. Dublin.

  • Crowther, S. (2013). Languaging the experience of joy at birth. In Heideggerian Hermeneutic Phenomenology Institute. Indianapolis Indiana USA.

  • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Gunn, J., Hunter, M., Crowther, S., McGregor, D., & Hotchin, C. (2012). Sustainable Lead Maternity Care (LMC) midwifery practice: What sustains LMC midwives in practice in New Zealand. In 12th Biennial New Zealand College of Midwives Conference. Wellington.

  • Crowther, S. (2012). Beginning to unconceal a mood in and around birth. In Heideggerian Hermeneutical Methodologies and Phenomenology of the Body. Indiana.

  • Crowther, S. (2012). Disruption of sacredness at birth: A clash of cultures. In 12th Biennial New Zealand College of Midwives Conference. Wellington.

  • Crowther, S., & Gallagher, M. (2011). The narrative challenge in teaching and what the students say.... In International Narrative Pedagogical conference. Auckland.

  • Crowther, S. (2011). Holding the sacred space of birth in midwifery. In Normal Labour & Birth: 6th Research Conference. UK.

  • Crowther, S. (2011). The mood in and around birth of a baby: The Dasein of birth. In Normal Labour & Birth: 6th Research Conference. UK. Retrieved from http://www.uclan.ac.uk/

Edited books/volumes

  • Crowther, S., & Hall, J. (2018). Spirituality and childbirth: Meaning and care at the start of life. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315389646

Reports

Theses

  • Crowther, S. (2001). The Midwifery Diagnosis of Labour-Onset. (Surrey University, UK).

  • Crowther, S. (1994). The experience of working with HIV/AIDS women in maternity in sub-Saharan Africa. (Kings College London, London, UK).

Oral presentations

  • Crowther, S. (2012). Disruption of sacredness at birth; a clash of cultures. Wellington NZ.

  • Crowther, S. (2012). Being-on-the-way! Some challenges of understanding a hermenuetic phenomenological study in light of my current thesis. Institute for Heideggerian Hermeneutical Methodologies, Indiana, USA.

  • Crowther, S. (2011). Working with difficult words in research.

Other outputs

  • O'Connell, M., Crowther, S., Ravaldi, C., & Homer, C. (2020). Midwives in a pandemic: A call for solidarity and compassion. In Women and Birth (Vol. 33, Iss. 3, pp. 205-206). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2020.03.008

  • Crowther, S. (2012). The miracle of midwifery. (Iss. January). Elsevier.

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