Professor Susan Crowther

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Professor - Midwifery

Email: susan.crowther@aut.ac.nz

ORCID: ORCID logo https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4133-2189

Academic appointments:

  • Professor of Midwifery, Auckland University of Technology (2019 - ongoing)
  • Professor of midwifery, RGU University (2015 - 2019)
  • Senior Lecturer, AUT (2010 - 2015)
  • Senior lecturer practitioner, Homerton College and Addenbrookes NHS trust (2002 - 2006)

Qualifications:

  • PhD, AUT
  • MSc, Surrey Uni
  • BSc (Hons), Kings College London
  • PGCERT (ED), PG Cert Ed

Research interests:

Midwifery
Women's health
Spirituality and childbirth
Rural and remote rural maternity care
Rural midwifery
Continuity of carer midwifery care
Sustainable midwifery practice
Qualitative methodologies: e.g. Hermeneutic phenomenology, qualitative descriptive, appreciative inquiry, co-operative inquiry, grounded theory

Teaching summary:

Postgraduate supervision - doctorates, masters and honours
PG research methods

Featured professional activities

    Research outputs:

    Books

    • Crowther, S. (2020). Joy at birth: An interpretive, hermeneutic, phenomenological inquiry. New York, NY: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9780429424144

    Journal articles

    • Crowther, S., Lau, A., & MacIver, E. (2020). Developing and introducing a post birth care plan (PBCP): An action research project. Midwifery, 82. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2019.102616

    • Crowther, S., Stephen, A., & Hall, J. (2020). Association of psychosocial-spiritual experiences around childbirth and subsequent perinatal mental health outcomes: An integrated review. Journal of Reproductive and Infant Psychology, 38(1), 60-85. doi:10.1080/02646838.2019.1616680

    • Baranowska, B., Doroszewska, A., Kubicka-Kraszyńska, U., Pietrusiewicz, J., Adamska-Sala, I., Kajdy, A., . . . Crowther, S. (2019). Is there respectful maternity care in Poland? Women's views about care during labor and birth. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12884-019-2675-y

    • White, A. H., Crowther, S. A., & Lee, S. H. (2019). Supporting rural midwifery practice using a mobile health (mHealth) intervention: A qualitative descriptive study. Rural and Remote Health, 19(3). doi:10.22605/RRH5294

    • Ghani, U., Crowther, S., Kamal, Y., & Wahab, M. (2019). The significance of interfamilial relationships on birth preparedness and complication readiness in Pakistan. Women and Birth, 32(1), e49-e56. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2018.03.005

    • Crowther, S., & Lau, A. (2019). Migrant Polish women overcoming communication challenges in Scottish maternity services: A qualitative descriptive study. Midwifery, 72, 30-38. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2019.02.004

    • Crowther, S., MacIver, E., & Lau, A. (2019). Policy, evidence and practice for post-birth care plans: A scoping review. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 19(1). doi:10.1186/s12884-019-2274-y

    • Thomson, G., & Crowther, S. (2019). Phenomenology as a political position within maternity care. Nursing Philosophy, 20(4). doi:10.1111/nup.12275

    • Crowther, S., Deery, R., Daellenbach, R., Davies, L., Gilkison, A., Kensington, M., & Rankin, J. (2019). Joys and challenges of relationships in Scotland and New Zealand rural midwifery: A multicentre study. Women and Birth, 32(1), 39-49. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2018.04.004

    • Wojtkowiak, J., & Crowther, S. (2018). An existential and spiritual discussion about childbirth: Contrasting spirituality at the beginning and end of life. Spirituality in Clinical Practice, 5(4), 261-272. doi:10.1037/scp0000188

    • Tabib, M., & Crowther, S. (2018). Service evaluation of relaxation workshops for pregnant women. Journal of Perinatal Education, 27(1), 10-19. doi:10.1891/1058-1243.27.1.10

    • Crowther, S., Smythe, L., & Spence, D. (2018). Unsettling moods in rural midwifery practice. Women and Birth, 31(1). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2017.06.019

    • Kensington, M., Rankin, J., Gilkison, A., Daellenbach, R., Crowther, S., Deery, R., & Davies, L. (2018). ‘Living the rural experience-preparation for practice’: The future proofing of sustainable rural midwifery practice through midwifery education. Nurse Education in Practice, 31, 143-150. doi:10.1016/j.nepr.2018.06.001

    • Mcfadden, A., Gavine, A., Renfrew, M. J., Wade, A., Buchanan, P., Taylor, J. L., . . . Macgillivray, S. (2017). Support for healthy breastfeeding mothers with healthy term babies. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 2017(2). doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001141.pub5

    • Crowther, S., Ironside, P., Spence, D., & Smythe, L. (2017). Crafting stories in hermeneutic phenomenology research: A methodological device. Qualitative Health Research, 27(6). doi:10.1177/1049732316656161

    • Gilkison, A., Rankin, K., Kensington, M., Daellenbach, R., Davies, L., Deery, R., & Crowther, S. (2017). A woman's hand and a lion's heart: Skills and attributes for rural midwifery practice in New Zealand and Scotland. Midwifery, 58. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2017.12.009

    • Smythe, E., Hunter, M., Gunn, J., Crowther, S., McAra-Couper, J., Wilson, S., & Payne, D. (2016). Midwifing the notion of a 'good' birth: A philosophical analysis. Midwifery, 37. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2016.03.012

    • Crowther, S., & Smythe, E. (2016). Open, trusting relationships underpin safety in rural maternity a hermeneutic phenomenology study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 16. doi:10.1186/s12884-016-1164-9

    • Hunter, M., Crowther, S., McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., MacGregor, D., & Gunn, J. (2016). Generosity of spirit sustains caseloading Lead Maternity Carer midwives in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 52. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl52.2016.8.50-55

    • Crowther, S., Hunter, B., McAra-Couper, J., Warren, L., Gilkison, A., Hunter, M., . . . Kirkham, M. (2016). Sustainability and resilience in midwifery: A discussion paper. Midwifery, 40. doi:10.1016/j.midw.2016.06.005

    • Crowther, S., & Hall, J. (2015). Spirituality and spiritual care in and around childbirth. Women and Birth, 28(2). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2015.01.001

    • Gilkison, A., McAra-Couper, J., Gunn, J., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., Macgregor, D., & Hotchin, C. (2015). Midwifery practice arrangements which sustain caseloading lead maternity carer midwives in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 51. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl51.2015.2.11-16

    • Gilkison, A., McAra-Couper, J., Gunn, J., Crowther, C., Hunter, M., Macgregor, D., & Hotchin, C. (2015). Midwifery practice arrangements which sustain caseloading Lead Maternity Carer midwives in New Zealand. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 51. Retrieved from https://www.midwife.org.nz/resources-events/nzcom-journal/issue-51/

    • Crowther, S., & Hall, J. (2015). Spirituality and spiritual care in and around childbirth. Women and Birth, 28(2). doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2015.01.001

    • Crowther, S., Smythe, E., & Spence, D. (2015). Kairos time at the moment of birth. Midwifery, 31(4). doi:10.1016/j.midw.2014.11.005

    • Farry, A., & Crowther, S. (2014). Cultural safety in New Zealand midwifery practice Part 2. Practising Midwife, 17(7), 30-33.

    • Crowther, S., Smythe, E., & Spence, D. (2014). The joy at birth: An interpretive hermeneutic literature review. Midwifery, 30(4). doi:10.1016/j.midw.2014.01.004

    • Crowther, S., Smythe, E., & Spence, D. (2014). The joy at birth: An interpretive hermeneutic literature review. Midwifery, 30(4).

    • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., Hotchin, C., & Gunn, J. (2014). Partnership and reciprocity with women sustain Lead Maternity Carer midwives in practice. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 49. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl49.2014.5.29-33

    • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., Hotchin, C., & Gunn, J. (2014). Partnership and reciprocity with women sustain lead maternity carer midwives in practice. Journal- New Zealand College of Midwives, 49. doi:10.12784/nzcomjnl49.2014.5.29-33

    • Farry, A., & Crowther, S. (2014). Cultural safety in New Zealand midwifery practice: Part 1. The Practising Midwife, 17(6).

    • Crowther, S., Smythe, L., & Spence, D. (2014). Mood and birth experience. Women and Birth, 27(1). Retrieved from https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1871519213000358?via=ihub

    • Crowther, S., Smythe, L., & Spence, D. (2013). Mood and birth experience. Women and Birth. doi:10.1016/j.wombi.2013.02.004

    • Crowther, S. (2013). Sacred space at the moment of birth. The practising midwife, 16(11).

    • Crowther, S. (2013). The lived experiences of midwives with spirituality in childbirth: Mana from heaven. Practicing Midwife, 16(5). Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23789254

    • Crowther, S. (2012). Midwives working with women: Integrating community, home and hospital. 24-26 August, New Zealand College of Midwives, Wellington.. Pract Midwife, 15(11). Retrieved from http://www.researchgate.net/

    • Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., & Hunter, M. (2011). Comment on the Evers et al., (2010). Perinatal
      mortality and severe morbidity in low and high
      risk term pregnancies in the Netherlands. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 42. Retrieved from http://findarticles.com/

    • Crowther, S. (2011). Reading, evaluating and interpreting phenomenological research. Practising Midwife, 14(5).

    • Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., & Hunter, M. (2011). Comment on the Evers et al., (2010) Perinatal mortality and severe morbidity in low and high risk term pregnancies in the Netherlands. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 44. Retrieved from http://www.midwife.org.nz/index.cfm/3,114,279/nzcom-journal-44.pdf

    • Crowther, S. (2011). Review of [Qualitative Research in Midwifery and Childbirth: Penomenological Approaches]. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 45.

    • Crowther, S. (2011). Reading, evaluating and interpreting phenomenological research. The Practicing Midwife, 14(5).

    • Crowther, S. (2010). Are there opposing or complementary paradigms?. The Practicing Midwife, 13(3). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

    • Crowther, S., Gilkison, A., & Hunter, M. (2010). Comment on the Wax et al., (2010) meta-analysis of home vs. hospital birth. New Zealand College of Midwives Journal, 43.

    • Crowther, S. (2010). Blood tests for investigating maternal wellbeing: Testing for anemia in pregnancy. The Practicing Midwife, 13(10).

    • Crowther, S. (2009). New Zealand: The goveranance of midwifery practice. Practicing Midwife, 12(3). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

    • Crowther, S. (2009). Research unwrapped Diagnosis of active labour. Practicing Midwife, 12(7). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

    • Crowther, S. (2009). Examination of the newborn and neonatal health: a multidimensional approach.. Unknown Journal, 12(11).

    • Crowther, S. (2008). Research unwrapped Booked home births and IPPM rates. Practising Midwife, 11(11), 43-45.

    • Crowther, S. (2008). Continuity of carer: Is it worth it?. Practicing Midwife, 11(1). Retrieved from http://www.scopus.com/

    • Crowther, S. (2008). Booked home births and IPPM rates.. Unknown Journal, 11(11).

    • Crowther, S. (2007). Research unwrapped Nuchal cord at birth: To cut or not to cut?. Practising Midwife, 10(10), 43-44.

    • Crowther, S. (2007). Research unwrapped mentoring in New Zealand. Practising Midwife, 10(4), 33-34.

    • Crowther, S. (2006). Listen to your inner voice. Practising Midwife, 9(4), 4-5.

    • Crowther, S. (2006). Lotus birth: Leaving the cord alone. Practising Midwife, 9(6), 12-14.

    • Crowther, S. (2006). Birthing position and women's experiences. Practising Midwife, 9(9), 34-35.

    • Burvill, S. (2005). Research unwrapped. The role of water in reducing dystocia. Unknown Journal, 8(8). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Lindsay, P., & Burvill, S. (2005). An extra pair of hands. Unknown Journal, 8(4). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Burvill, S. (2004). A higher level of exposure. Unknown Journal, 7(5). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Burvill, S. (2004). Empowering women in Nagorno-Karabakh. Unknown Journal, 7(2). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Burvill, S. (2003). Comment. First impressions of the new antenatal guideline. Unknown Journal, 6(11). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Burvill, S. (2002). Midwifery diagnosis of labour onset. Unknown Journal, 10(10). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Burvill, S. (2000). Multiple sclerosis and two births at home. Unknown Journal, 3(10). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    • Burvill, S. (1994). Malawian midwifery: a case for midwifery electives... Midwifery Matters No. 60 -- Spring 1994. Unknown Journal, (100). Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    Book chapters

    • Crowther, S. (2019). Birth and spirituality. In L. Zsolnai, & B. Flanagan (Eds.), The Routledge international handbook of spirituality in society and the professions (pp. 113-119). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315445489_13

    • Crowther, S. (2017). Childbirth as a sacred celebration. In Spirituality and Childbirth: Meaning and Care at the Start of Life (pp. 13-29). doi:10.4324/9781315389646

    • Hall, J., & Crowther, S. (2017). Conclusion: ‘There is something going on at birth!’. In Spirituality and Childbirth: Meaning and Care at the Start of Life (pp. 189-196). doi:10.4324/9781315389646

    • Burvill, S. (2005). Managing breech presentation in the absence of obstetric assistance. In V. Woodward, K. Bates, & N. Young (Eds.), Managing childbirth emergencies in community settings (pp. 111-138). Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

    • Burvill, S. (2003). Multiple sclerosis. In S. Wicken (Ed.), Midwifery: best practice (pp. 228-231). London, United Kingdom: Elsevier Science Limited Books for Midwives. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com/

    Conference contributions

    • Crowther, S. (2016). Attuning Joyfully in Kairos Time at the Moment of Birth. In INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF QUALITATIVE METHODS Vol. 15. Retrieved from http://gateway.webofknowledge.com/

    • Crowther, S. (2015). Generosity of Spirit. .

    • Crowther, S. (2015). Kairos at birth: Insights in and around birthing. In ICM Asia Pacific Regional Conference. Yokohama. Retrieved from http://www.icmaprc2015.org/en/program.html

    • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Crowther, S., Hunter, M., & Gunn, J. (2014). Sustainable lead maternity care (LCM) midwifery practice: What sustains case loading midwives in New Zealand. In International Congress of Midwives 30th Triennial Congress. Prague.

    • Crowther, S. (2014). Sustainable Lead Maternity Care - what sustains case loading midwives in New Zealand (NZ)? A qualitative descriptive study. In International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) - 30th Triennial Conference. Prague.

    • Crowther, S. (2014). Joy at birth: Poiesis and poetry. In Institute of Hermeneutic Phenomenology. Indianapolis.

    • Crowther, S. (2014). Sacred joy at birth: Hermeneutic phenomenological study. In Midwifery Research Symposium New Zealand (AUT) and Scotland (UWS) collborations. Paisley.

    • Crowther, S. (2013). Languaging the experience of joy at birth. In Heideggerian Hermeneutic Phenomenology Institute. Indianapolis Indiana USA.

    • Crowther, S. (2013). Place and attuned space at birth. In Re-imagining Birth. Dublin.

    • Crowther, S. (2013). The challenge of languaging the “special something” at birth:
      What methodology uncovers this phenomenon?. In 6th Biennial Joan Donley Midwifery Research Forum. NZ.

    • McAra-Couper, J., Gilkison, A., Gunn, J., Hunter, M., Crowther, S., McGregor, D., & Hotchin, C. (2012). Sustainable Lead Maternity Care (LMC) midwifery practice: What sustains LMC midwives in practice in New Zealand. In 12th Biennial New Zealand College of Midwives Conference. Wellington.

    • Crowther, S. (2012). Disruption of sacredness at birth: A clash of cultures. In 12th Biennial New Zealand College of Midwives Conference. Wellington.

    • Crowther, S. (2012). Beginning to unconceal a mood in and around birth. In Heideggerian Hermeneutical Methodologies and Phenomenology of the Body. Indiana.

    • Crowther, S., & Gallagher, M. (2011). The narrative challenge in teaching and what the students say.... In International Narrative Pedagogical conference. Auckland.

    • Crowther, S. (2011). Holding the sacred space of birth in midwifery. In Normal Labour & Birth: 6th Research Conference. UK.

    • Crowther, S. (2011). The mood in and around birth of a baby: The Dasein of birth. In Normal Labour & Birth: 6th Research Conference. UK. Retrieved from http://www.uclan.ac.uk/

    Edited books/volumes

    • Crowther, S., & Hall, J. (2017). Spirituality and childbirth: Meaning and care at the start of life. Routledge. doi:10.4324/9781315389646

    Reports

    Theses

    • Crowther, S. (2001). The Midwifery Diagnosis of Labour-Onset. (Surrey University, UK).

    • Crowther, S. (1994). The experience of working with HIV/AIDS women in maternity in sub-Saharan Africa. (Kings College London, London, UK).

    Oral presentations

    • Crowther, S. (2012). Disruption of sacredness at birth; a clash of cultures. Wellington NZ.

    • Crowther, S. (2012). Being-on-the-way! Some challenges of understanding a hermenuetic phenomenological study in light of my current thesis. Institute for Heideggerian Hermeneutical Methodologies, Indiana, USA.

    • Crowther, S. (2011). Working with difficult words in research.

    Other outputs

    • Crowther, S. (2012). The miracle of midwifery. (Iss. January). Elsevier.