Professor of Nutrition
Phone: +64 9 921 9758
- Doctor of Philosophy in Physiology
- Master of Science (First Class Honours) Physiology
- Registered Nutritionist
- Fellow of the Society of Cardiopulmonary Technology
Memberships and Affiliations:
- Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit
- Associate Investigator RIDDET Institute National Centre of Research Excellence for Food
- Editorial Board British Journal of Nutrition
- Editorial Board European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
- Editorial Board, Biological Trace Element Research
- NZ representative Australia New Zealand Obesity Society Council and International Association for the Study of Obesity Council
- Council member and Scientific Director – New Zealand Nutrition Foundation
Professor Elaine Rush has dedicated 30 years to scientific enquiry at the cutting edge of health and education. Currently, as Professor of Nutrition at AUT, her work is centered on the prevention of chronic disease across the lifecycle. An internationally recognised research leader with expertise in nutrition, energy expenditure, physical activity and the measurement of body composition, Elaine is a champion for the multiethnic communities she works with. She is a principal investigator with the Riddet Institute, the government funded Centre of Research Excellence for food.
Elaine’s career began as a cardiopulmonary technologist at Greenlane Hospital, which lead to a PhD and a Master of Sciences First Class Honours in physiology from the University of Auckland. To date, Elaine has supervised 30 PhD and Masters’ students to completion and is currently supervising another 8 postgraduate students. Since 2004 Elaine has attracted $10 M of research funding.
Elaine provides academic leadership for Project Energize, a multimillion dollar regional health programme (244 schools, 44000 children) that has, through schools, improved nutrition and physical activity. Energize has been extended to lower decile primary schools in Capital Coast and Northland and a pilot in Cork Ireland. Now Under 5 Energize is in 130 preschools in the Waikato and is to start in Northland. Elaine also leads the nutrition and physical growth research arm of AUT University’s Pacific Island Families Study, a longitudinal study of the developmental health and well-being of more than 1000 Pacific children and their families. Other research interests include the acute and chronic interactions of different nutrients, including sugar, caffeine and vitamin B12, on metabolism and the development of disease and the development of healthier food for the commercial market.
Elaine has served as the New Zealand representative for the International Association for the Study of Obesity, an expert consultant for the World Health Organisation and the United Nations International Atomic Energy Agency in Nutrition and Health (1999‐present). She is also the Scientific Director of the New Zealand Nutrition.
In 2014 Elaine was appointed as a Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit (MNZM) for services to health.
- Mentorship and moderation of the Certificate in Pacific Nutrition with Pacific Heartbeat, National Heart Foundation
Elaine has research expertise in the measurement of body composition, energy expenditure, physical activity, nutrition and risk factors for disease. A particular interest in ethnic differences, particularly among Maori, Pacific Island, European, Chinese and Indian populations in New Zealand, has led to over 150 peer reviewed publications. Elaine also serves on the council of a number of nutrition and obesity organisations and is the New Zealand representative for the International Association for the Study of Obesity, IASO. She has been an expert consultant for the World Health Organisation and the International Atomic Energy Agency in Nutrition and Health.
One of the tools that Elaine has used in her research is stable isotopes and this expertise led to her involvement in the 2002 child nutrition survey in New Zealand as well as working with cooperative research projects and training overseen by the International Atomic Energy Agency, Division of Human Health. Elaine supervises 6 doctoral students in the areas of nutrition, food development, body composition and energy expenditure throughout the life cycle. Her research projects include leading the AUT Food Network, Project Energize in the Waikato, the health and growth of children whose mother's had gestational diabetes and the longitudinal Pacific Island Family study which tracks over 1,000 Pacific children from birth. Other interests include the acute and chronic interactions of different nutrients, including sugar, caffeine and vitamin B12 on metabolism, and the development of disease. Most recently she has been a key player in the collaborative team that has gained Ministry of Health funding for Under 5's Energize in the Waikato.
Elaine leads the AUT Food network. This network brings together AUT food researchers and experts in the food-associated fields of nutrition, food science, branding, marketing and retailing, hospitality, tourism and culinary arts and research, innovation and partnership. The strategic aim of this group is to provide a platform within AUT University that can optimize the research and innovation contribution of the University, particularly in the area of developing high value foods with validated health benefits.
Elaine is an Associate Investigator with The Riddet Institute, the National Centre of Research Excellence to understand better “What makes a healthy start for a productive life?”
She works in collaboration with Profesor CS Yajnik at the Diabetes Unit, King Edward Memorial Hospital and Research Centre investigating the development of innovative foods – in particular contributing to the prevention and management of lifestyle diseases.
Current Research Projects:
- Pacific Islands Families Study. Understanding growth from birth to 14 years. Funded by the Health Research Council.
- Evaluation of the Under 5s Energize: A Ministry of Health project aimed at improving the maternal and early childhood nutrition and physical activity.
- Evaluation of the roll out of Project Energise: A Waikato District Health Board / Sport Waikato project aimed at improving the health of primary school children
- Lifecourse model of disease – from conception to chronic disease with attention to vitamin B12 in Indian – collaboration with Dr Ranjan Yajnik, Pune, India
- Metformin vs insulin in treatment of gestational diabetes – follow up of child growth and development with Dr Janet Rowan, National Women’s Health
- Metformin in Gestational Diabetes follow up study (funded by the Auckland Medical Research Foundation)
2012 – 2017
- Yan, M. R., Parsons, A., Whalley, G. A., & Rush, E. C. (2017). Effects of a healthier snack on snacking habits and glycated Hb (HbA1c): a 6-week intervention study. Br J Nutr, 1-6. doi:10.1017/S0007114516004372
- Smith, M., Taylor, S., Iusitini, L., Stewart, T., Savila, F., Tautolo, E. S., . . . Rush, E. (2017). Accelerometer data treatment for adolescents: Fitting a piece of the puzzle. Prev Med Rep, 5, 228-231. doi:10.1016/j.pmedr.2016.12.010
- Rush, E., Oliver, M., Plank, L. D., Taylor, S., Iusitini, L., Jalili-Moghaddam, S., . . . Tautolo, E. (2016). Cohort profile: Pacific Islands Families (PIF) growth study, Auckland, New Zealand. BMJ Open, 6(11), e013407. doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013407
- Barber, P. A., Krishnamurthi, R., Parag, V., Anderson, N. E., Ranta, A., Kilfoyle, D., . . . for the ARCOS 1V study group. (2016). Incidence of Transient Ischemic Attack in Auckland, New Zealand, in 2011 to 2012. Stroke, http://stroke.ahajournals.org?ijkey=bqbk2r5o7oLlSmU&keytype=ref.
- Barnett, L. M., Lai, S. K., Veldman, S. L., Hardy, L. L., Cliff, D. P., Morgan, P. J., . . . Okely, A. D. (2016). Correlates of Gross Motor Competence in Children and Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Sports Med, 46(11), 1663-1688. doi:10.1007/s40279-016-0495-z
- Rush, E., Cairncross, C., Williams, M. H., Tseng, M., Coppinger, T., McLennan, S., & Latimer, K. (2016). Project Energize: intervention development and 10 years of progress in preventing childhood obesity. BMC Res Notes, 9, 44. doi:10.1186/s13104-016-1849-1
- Campbell, N., Gaston, A., Gray, C., Rush, E., Maddison, R., & Prapavessis, H. (2016). The Short Questionnaire to Assess Health-Enhancing (SQUASH) Physical Activity in Adolescents: A Validation Using Doubly Labeled Water. J Phys Act Health, 13(2), 154-158. doi:10.1123/jpah.2015-0031
- Lu, L. W., Monro, J., Lu, J., & Rush, E. (2016). Effect of Cold Storage, Reheating, and Particle Sizes on In Vitro Glucose Release and Starch Digestibility among Five Rice Products in Auckland, New Zealand. Rice Research, 4(171). doi:10.4172/2375-4338.1000171
- Mearns, G., & Rush, E. (2016). Screening for inadequate dietary vitamin B-12 intake in South Asian women using a nutrient-specific, semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, on line. doi:10.6133/apjcn.112016.06
- Feigin, V. L., Krishnamurthi, R. V., Barker-Collo, S., McPherson, K. M., Barber, P. A., Parag, V., . . . Arcos Iv Group. (2015). 30-Year Trends in Stroke Rates and Outcome in Auckland, New Zealand (1981-2012): A Multi-Ethnic Population-Based Series of Studies. PLoS One, 10(8), e0134609. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0134609
- Battin, M. R., Obolonkin, V., Rush, E., Hague, W., Coat, S., & Rowan, J. (2015). Blood pressure measurement at two years in offspring of women randomized to a trial of metformin for GDM: follow up data from the MiG trial. BMC Pediatr, 15(1), 54. doi:10.1186/s12887-015-0372-1
- Parmar, P., Krishnamurthi, R., Ikram, M. A., Hofman, A., Mirza, S. S., Varakin, Y., . . . Stroke Riskometer, T. M. C. W. G. (2015). The Stroke Riskometer(TM) App: Validation of a data collection tool and stroke risk predictor. Int J Stroke, 10(2), 231-244. doi:10.1111/ijs.12411
- Feigin, V. L., Krishnamurthi, R., Bhattacharjee, R., Parmar, P., Theadom, A., Hussein, T., . . . Group, R. S. C. W. (2015). New strategy to reduce the global burden of stroke. Stroke, 46(6), 1740-1747. doi:10.1161/STROKEAHA.115.008222
- Rush, E., McLennan, S., Obolonkin, V., Cooper, R., & Hamlin, M. (2015a). Beyond the randomised controlled trial and BMI – evaluation of effectiveness of through-school nutrition and physical activity programmes. Public Health Nutrition, FirstView, 1-4. doi:doi:10.1017/S1368980014003322
- Rush, E., McLennan, S., Obolonkin, V., Cooper, R., & Hamlin, M. (2015b). In response to Letter to the Editor: beyond the randomised control– assessment tool. Public Health Nutrition, FirstView, 1. doi:doi:10.1017/S136898001500155X
- Donaldson, B., Rush, E., Young, O., & Winger, R. (2014). Variation in gastric pH may determine kiwifruit's effect on functional GI disorder: an in vitro study. Nutrients, 6(4), 1488-1500. doi:10.3390/nu6041488
- Mearns, G. J., Koziol-McLain, J., Obolonkin, V., & Rush, E. C. (2014). Preventing vitamin B12 deficiency in South Asian women of childbearing age: a randomised controlled trial comparing an oral vitamin B12 supplement with B12 dietary advice. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition doi:10.1038/ejcn.2014.56
- Rush, E., Obolonkin, V., McLennan, S., Graham, D., Harris, J. D., Mernagh, P., & Weston, A. R. (2014). Lifetime cost effectiveness of a through-school nutrition and physical programme: Project Energize. Obes Res Clin Pract, 8(2), e115-122. doi:10.1016/j.orcp.2013.03.005
- Rush E, McLennan S, Obolonkin V et al. (2014) Project Energize: whole-region primary school nutrition and physical activity programme; evaluation of body size and fitness 5 years after the randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Nutrition 10.1017/S0007114513002316
- Rush E, Obolonkin V, Savila F.(2013) Growth curves of Pacific Children living in Auckland, New Zealand. Annals of Human Biology 10.3109/03014460.2013.793391
- Rush EC (2013). Water: neglected, unappreciated and under researched. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. doi:10.1038/ejcn.2013.11
- Theadom A, Mahon S, Barker-Collo S, McPherson K, Rush E, Vandal AC et al (2013). Enzogenol for cognitive functioning in traumatic brain injury: a pilot placebo-controlled RCT. European Journal of Neurology. doi:10.1111/ene.12099
- Oliver M, Schluter P, Healy G, Tautolo E, Schofield G, Rush E et al Breaks in sedentary time - associations with body size in Pacific mothers and their children: Findings from the Pacific Islands Families Study. Journal of Physical Activity and Health Rush E, Reed P, Simmons D, Coppinger T, McLennan S, Graham D. (2012). Baseline measures for a school-based obesity control programme: Project Energize: differences by ethnicity, rurality, age and school socioeconomic status. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health doi: 10.1111/jpc.12015
- Rush E, Bristow S, Plank LD, Rowan J (2012). Bioimpedance prediction of fat-free mass from dual energy X-ray absorptiometry in a multi-ethnic group of two-year old children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. doi:10.1038.ecjn.2012.182
- Rush E, Reed PW, McLennan S, Coppinger T, Simmons D, Graham D (2012). Tracking of body mass indices over 2 years in Maori and European children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66:143-149
- Rush E, Reed P, McLennan S, Coppinger T, Simmons D, Graham D (2012). A school-based obesity control programme: Project Energize: Two-year outcomes. The British Journal of Nutrition 107: 581-587
- Member of the New Zealand Order of Merit (MNZM) for services to health 2014
- Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences Excellence in Student Supervision Award 2012
- Best of Health Award: Category and overall winner Waikato District Health Board Team member 2012
- The Vice Chancellor's Research Award for individual Research Excellence 2011
- The Vice Chancellor's Research Award for team Research Excellence 2011
- Faculty Individual Researcher Excellence Award 2011
- NEXT woman of the year finalist in health and science category 2011