Dr Tim Young

Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Phone: 9219999 Ext 6532

Email: tyoung@aut.ac.nz


PhD – Doctor of Philosophy (Marine Biochemistry)

MSc – Master of Science (Marine Biology)

BSc – Bachelor of Science (Chemistry)

Memberships and Affiliations:

Research Fellow – Aquaculture Biotechnology Research Group

Member IAENZ – Institute for Applied Ecology New Zealand

Associate ­– Metabolomics Laboratory

Co-chair ISO – Institute for Sustainable Oceans

Member NZMSS – New Zealand Marine Sciences Society

Member NZCS – New Zealand Coastal Society

Member SETAC Asia/Pacific – Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

Member MSA – Malacological Society of Australasia

Member MSL – Malacological Society of London

Volunteer PJNZ – Project Jonah New Zealand

Research Areas:

Aquatic Biology

Climate Change

Ecotoxicology & Pollution

Developmental Biology & Embryology

Molecular Biology & Biochemistry

Immunology & Diseases

Evolutionary Biology

Aquaculture & Fisheries

Research Summary:

I work across broad disciplines in aquatic biology. My current research focuses on molecular mechanisms involved during embryonic and larval development of marine invertebrates, and in response to environmental influences e.g. ocean acidification, pollution, pathogens. Gaining a better understanding of biochemical regulatory networks involved during early development and in response to environmental change is critical for the successful management of our oceans and the organisms which inhabit them. Other research interests include characterising mechanisms of disease and resistance, development of new tools for assessing fish/shellfish health, and protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of marine ecosystems.

Current Research Projects:

Metabolic regulation of metal toxicity during marine mussel embryogenesisEffects of ocean acidification on mussel larval developmentMolecular mechanisms of Vibriosis disease in mussels and abalonePathophysiological host responses of oysters to OsHV-1 virus: Mechanisms of resilienceEnhancing feed conversion efficiency in Chinook salmonDeveloping protocols to assess aquatic organism health via flow cytometry


Nguyen T.V., Alfaro A.C., Young T., Ravi S., Merien F. 2018. Metabolomics Study of Immune Responses of New Zealand Greenshell™ Mussels (Perna canaliculus) Infected with Pathogenic Vibrio sp. Marine Biotechnology doi.org/10.1007/s10126-018-9804-x).

Grandiosa R., Bouwman M-L., Young T., Merien F., Alfaro A.C. 2018. Effect of antiaggregants on the in vitro viability, cell count and stability of abalone (Haliotis iris) haemocytes. Fish & Shellfish Immunology 78: 131-139.

Young T., Kesarcodi-Watson A., Alfaro A.C., Merien F., Nguyen T.V., Mae H, et al. 2017. Differential expression of novel metabolic and immunological biomarkers in oysters challenged with a virulent strain of OsHV-1. Developmental & Comparative Immunology 7: 229–245.

Rusk A.B., Alfaro A.C., Young T., Watts E., Adams S.L. 2017. Investigation of early mussel (Perna canaliculus) development using histology, SEM imaging, immunochemistry and confocal microscopy. Marine Biology Research 13(3): 314–329.

Young T., Alfaro A.C. 2016. Metabolomic strategies for aquaculture research: A primer. Reviews in Aquaculture DOI: 10.1111/raq.12146

Alfaro A.C., Young T. 2016. Showcasing metabolomic applications in aquaculture: A review. Reviews in Aquaculture DOI: 10.1111/raq.12146

Young T., Alfaro A.C., Villas-Bôas S.G. 2016. Metabolic profiling of mussel larvae: Effect of handling and culture conditions. Aquaculture International 24(3): 843–856.

Le. D.V., Young T., Alfaro A.C., Ragg N.L.C., Hilton Z., Watts E., et al. 2016. Practical fertilization procedure and embryonic development of the New Zealand geoduck clam (Panopea zelandica). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the UK DOI: 10.1017/S0025315416001685

Le. D.V., Young T., Alfaro A.C., Ragg N.L.C., King N. 2016. Effect of neuroactive compounds on larval metamorphosis of New Zealand geoduck (Panopea zelandica). Aquaculture Research 48(6): 3080–3090.

Young T., Alfaro A.C., Villas-Bôas S.G. 2015. Identification of candidate biomarkers for quality assessment of hatchery-reared mussel larvae via GC/MS-based metabolomics. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 48(3): 87–95.

Young T., Alfaro A.C., Sánchez-Lazo C., Robertson J. 2015. Putative involvement of adrenergic receptors in regulation of mussel (Perna canaliculus) larval settlement. Marine Biology Research 11(6): 655–665.

Alfaro A.C., Young T., Bowden K. 2014. Neurophysiological control of swimming behaviour, attachment and metamorphosis in black-footed abalone (Haliotis iris) larvae. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research 48(3): 314–334.

Sánchez-Lazo C., Martínez-Pita I., Young T., Alfaro A.C. 2012. Induction of settlement in larvae of the mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis using neuroactive compounds. Aquaculture 344–349:210–215.

Young T., Alfaro A.C., Robertson J. 2011. Effect of neuroactive compounds on the settlement of mussel (Perna canaliculus) larvae. Aquaculture 319:277-283.

Alfaro A. C., Young T., Ganesan A.M. 2011. Regulatory Effects of mussel (Aulacomya maoriana Iredale 1915) larval settlement by neuroactive compounds, amino acids, and bacterial biofilms. Aquaculture 322-323:158-168.