Associate Professor Alain C. Vandal

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Head of Department

Phone: +64 9 921 9999 x7726


Physical Address:

AUT North Shore Campus

Room AF209 | 90 Akoranga Drive, Northcote, Auckland 0627 |

Middlemore Hospital

Room 156 (Research and Evaluation Office), Esmé Green Building | 100 Hospital Road, Otahuhu





  • PhD Statistics (Auckland) 1999
  • MA Applied Statistics (McGill) 1994
Current and previous positions
  • Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics & Epidemiology, School of Public Health & Psychosocial Studies, Faculty of Health and Environmental Sciences, Auckland University of Technology (2010-present)
  • Senior Biostatistician, Health Intelligence & Informatics, Ko Awatea, Counties Manukau District Health Board (2012-present)
  • Senior Biostatistician, Centre for Clinical Research & effective practice, Auckland, New Zealand (2010-2012)
  • Assistant (2000-2006), Associate (2006-2010) then Adjunct (2010-2014) Professor, Department of Mathematics & Statistics, McGill University
  • Project Director, Centre d'épidémiologie clinique et de recherche en santé des populations, Institut Lady Davis, Montréal, Québec (Canada) (2000-2010)
  • Research Fellow in Biostatistics, Clinical Trials Research Unit, Faculty of Medicine, University of Auckland (1999-2000)
  • Biostatistician, Module de prévention et contrôle VIH-SIDA, Institut de recherche de l'Hôpital général de Montréal (1994-1996)

Research Areas:


  • Survival analysis and graph theory
  • Multivariate outcomes in randomised trials
  • Diagnostic validity


  • Family Violence
  • Gambling
  • Public Health
  • Rehabilitation
  • Renal Medicine
  • Respiratory Medicine
  • Rheumatology


AUT North Shore: Mondays, Wednesdays

Middlemore Hospital: Tuesdays, Thursdays


Substantive and methodological papers, 2011-2017

Abbott M, Hodgins DC, Bellringer M, Vandal AC, Palmer Du Preez K, Landon J, Sullivan S, Rodda S & Feigin V. (2018). Brief telephone interventions for problem gambling: A randomised controlled trial. Addictions. Accepted 15 December 2017.

Koziol-McLain J, Vandal AC, Wilson D, Nada-Raja S, Dobbs T, McLean C, Sisk R, Eden KB, Glass NE. Efficacy of a web-based safety decision aid for women experiencing intimate partner violence: randomised controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research. Accepted 1 December 2017.

Stewart S, Pearson J, Rome K, Dalbeth N & Vandal AC. (2018). Analysis of data collected from right and left limbs: accounting for dependence and improving statistical efficiency in musculoskeletal research. Gait and Posture 59:182-187.

Kersten P, Vandal AC, Elder H, Tauroa R & McPherson KM. (2017). Concurrent validity of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire in an indigenous pre-school population. Journal of Child and Family Studies. 26:2126–2135. DOI:10.1007/s10826-017-0725-5

Stewart S, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC, Allen B, Miranda R & Rome K. (2017). Are ultrasound features at the first metatarsophalangeal joint associated with clinically-assessed pain and function? A study of people with gout, asymptomatic hyperuricaemia and normouricaemia. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 10:22. DOI:10.1186/s13047-017-0203-8

Gordon H, Chandran A, Vandal AC, Yung A & Jarrett P. (2017). The relationship between disease severity in discoid lupus erythematosus and quality of life. British Journal of Dermatology 177(4):1134-1135.. DOI:10.1111/bjd.15227

Koziol-McLain J, McLean C, Rohan M, Sisk R, Dobbs T, Nada-Raja S, Wilson D & Vandal AC. (2016). Participant recruitment and engagement in automated eHealth trial registration: Challenges and opportunities for recruiting women who experience violence. Journal of Medical Internet Research 18(10):e281. DOI:10.2196/jmir.6515

Kulasegaran S, Cribb B, Vandal AC, McBride S, Holland D & MacCormick AD. (2016). Necrotising Fasciitis – 11 year retrospective case review in South Auckland. ANZ Journal of Surgery 86(10):826-830. Published 1 October 2016. DOI:10.1111/ans.13232

Stewart S, Dalbeth N, Allen B, Rhian M, Vandal AC & Rome K. (2016). Ultrasound features of the first metatarsophalangeal joint in gout and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia: comparison with normouricaemic individuals. Arthritis Care and Research 69(6):875-883. DOI:10.1002/acr.23082

Shaw V, Vandal AC, Coomarasamy C & Ekeroma AJ. (2016). The effectiveness of the levonorgestrel intrauterine system in obese women with heavy menstrual bleeding. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 56(6):619–623. DOI:10.1111/ajo.12528

Stewart S, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC & Rome K. (2016). Spatiotemporal gait parameters and plantar pressure distribution during barefoot waling in people with gout and asymptotic hyperuricaemia: comparison with healthy individuals with normal serum urate concentrations. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 9:15. 9  pp. DOI:10.1186/s13047-016-0147-4

Kersten P, Czuba KJ, McPherson KM, Dudley M, Elder H, Tauroa R & Vandal AC. (2016). A systematic review of evidence for the psychometric properties of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. International Journal of Behavioral Development 40(1):64-75. DOI:10.1177/0165025415570647

Stewart S, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC & Rome K. (2016). The first metatarsophalangeal joint in gout:a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 17:69. 15 pp. DOI:10.1186/s12891-016-0919-9

Stewart S, Morpeth T, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC, Carroll M, Davidtz L, Mawston G, Otter S & Rome K. (2016). Foot-related pain and disability and spatiotemporal parameters of gait during self-selected and fast walking speeds in people with gout: A two-arm cross-sectional study. Gait & Posture 44:18-22. DOI:10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.11.004

Tokolahi E, Hocking C, Kersten P & Vandal AC. (2016). Quality and reporting of cluster randomised controlled trials evaluating occupational therapy interventions: A systematic review. OJTR: Occupation, Participation and Health 36(1):14-24. DOI:10.1177/1539449215618625

Deo M, Kerse N, Vandal AC & Jarrett P. (2016). Dermatological disease in the older age group: a cross-sectional study in aged care facilities. BMJ Open 5(12):e009941. Published 20160101. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009941

Stewart S, Mawston G, Davidtz L, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC, Carroll M, Morpeth T, Otter S & Rome K. (2015) Foot and ankle muscle strength in people with gout: a two-arm cross-sectional study. Clinical Biomechanics 32:207-211. DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2015.11.009

Morton RP, Vandal AC. (2015). Post-operative Systolic Blood Pressure as a risk factor for haematoma following thyroid surgery. Clinical Otolaryngology 40(5):462-467. Published 201510. DOI:10.1111/coa.12407

Langeslag-Smith M, Vandal AC, Briane V, Thompson B & Anstice N. (2015). Preschool children’s vision screening in New Zealand: a retrospective evaluation of referral accuracy and the potential for cost savings. BMJ Open 5(11): e009207. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009207

Stewart S, Dalbeth N, Vandal AC & Rome K. (2015). Characteristics of the first metatarsophalangeal joint in gout and asymptomatic hyperuricaemia: a cross-sectional observational study. Journal of Foot and Ankle Research 8:41. Published 20150818. DOI:10.1186/s13047-015-0091-8

Walls G, Vandal AC, du Plessis T, Playle V & Holland DJ. (2015). Socioeconomic factors correlating with community antimicrobial prescribing. NZ Medical Journal 128(1417):16-23.

Leclerc P, Vandal AC, Fall A, Bruneau J, Roy É, Brissette S, Archibald C, Arruda N, Morissette C. (2014).Estimating the size of the population of persons who inject drugs in the island of Montréal, Canada, using a six-source capture-recapture model. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, accepted. DOI: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.06.022.

Rush E, McLennan S, Obolonkin V, Vandal AC, Hamlin M, Simmons D, Graham D. (2014). Project Energize: whole-of region primary school nutrition and physical activity programme; evaluation of body size and fitness five years after the RCT. British Journal of Nutrition 111(2):363-371. DOI: 10.1017/S0007114513002316

Baker J, Vandal AC, Yeoh J, Zeng I, Wong S & Ryan S. (2013). Clinical trial participation improves outcome: a matched historical cohort study. Clinical Trials 10(5):735-743..

Rome K, Stewart S, Vandal AC, Gow P, McNair P & Dalbeth N. (2013). The effects of commercially available footwear on foot pain and disability in people with gout: a pilot study. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 14:278.

Monette J, Monette M, Sourial N, Vandal AC, Wolfson C, Champoux N, Fletcher J &  Savoie ML. (2013). Effect of an interdisciplinary educational program on antipsychotic prescribing among residents with dementia: variation between long-term care centers. Journal of Applied Gerontology 32(7):833-854. DOI: 10.1177/0733464812440042

Theadom A, Mahon S, Barker-Collo S, McPherson K, Rush E, Vandal A, Feigin V. (2013). Enzogenol for memory improvement in mild traumatic brain injury: a pilot placebo-controlled randomised clinical trial. European Journal of Neurology 20(8):1135-1144. DOI: 10.1111/ene.12099.

Yap E, Chua WM, Jayaram L, Zeng I, Vandal AC & Garrett J. (2013). Can we predict sputum eosinophilia from clinical assessment in patients referred to an adult asthma clinic? Internal Medicine Journal. 43(1):46-52. DOI: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2011.02565.x

Lewis G, Vandal AC & McNair P. (2012). A method to monitor upper limb movement direction encoding in the corticomotor pathway. Journal of Motor Behavior 44(4):223-232. DOI: 10.1080/00222895.2012.684081

Grad R, Pluye P, Granikov V, Johnson-Lafleur J, Shulha, M, Sridhar SB, Moscovici J*, Vandal AC, Marlow B & Kloda L. (2011). Physicians’ assessement of the value of clinical information: Operationalization of a theoretical model. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology 62(10):1884–1891.

Liu X & Vandal AC. (2011). Bounds for self-consistent CDF estimators for univariate and multivariate censored data. Proceedings of  ISIPTA '11, 7th International Symposium on Imprecise Probabilities: theory and applications.F Coolen, G de Cooman, T Fetz & M Oberguggenberger, eds. Springer, New York. Pp. 267-276.

Trial and systematic review protocols, 2011-2017

Mahon S, Krishnamurthi R, Vandal A, Witt E, Barker-Collo S, Parmar P, Theadom A, Barber A, Arroll B, Rush E, Elder H, Dyer J & Feigin V. (2017). Primary prevention of stroke and cardiovascular disease in the community (PREVENTS): Methodology of a health wellness coaching intervention to reduce stroke and cardiovascular disease risk, a randomized clinical trial. International Journal of Stroke. Accepted 2017.07.31. DOI: 10.1177/1747493017730759

Abbott M, Bellringer M, Vandal AC, Hodgins D, Battersby M & Rodda S. (2017). Effectiveness of problem gambling intervention in a service setting: Protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled clinical trial. BMJ Open  7(3) e013490. DOI:10.1136/bmjopen-2016-013490

Dunlop JL, Vandal AC, de Zoysa JR, Gabriel RS, Haloob IA, Hood CJ, Matheson PJ, McGregor DOR, Rabindranath KS, Semple DJ & Marshall MR. (2015). Update: Rationale and design of the Sodium Lowering In Dialysate (SoLID) trial: A randomised controlled trial of low versus standard dialysate sodium concentration during hemodialysis for regression of left ventricular mass.. BMC Nephrology 16: Article 120 (2 pp.). Published 20150801. DOI:10.1186/s12882-015-0080-y

Koziol-McLain J, Vandal AC, Nada-Raja S, Wilson D, Glass NE, Eden KE, McLean C, Dobbs T & Case J. (2015). A Web-based intervention for abused women: the New Zealand isafe randomised controlled trial protocol. BMC Public Health 15(1): article 56.

Dunlop JL, Vandal AC, Marshall MR. (2014). Dialysate sodium levels for chronic haemodialysis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD011204. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011204.

Dunlop JL, Vandal AC, de Zoysa JR, Gabriel RS, Gerber LM, Haloob IA, Hood CJ, Irvine JH, Matheson PJ, McGregor DOR, Rabindranath KS, Schollum JBW, Semple DJ & Marshall MR. (2014). Rationale and design of the myocardial microinjury and cardiac remodeling extension study in the sodium lowering in dialysate trial (Mac-SoLID study). BMC Nephrology 15:120 (9 pp.). Published 20140721. DOI:10.1186/1471-2369-15-120

Tokolahi E, Hocking C, Kersten P & Vandal AC. (2014). Cluster-randomised controlled trial of an occupational therapy group intervention for children designed to promote emotional wellbeing: study protocol. BMC Psychology 2:16  DOI: 10.1186/2050-7283-2-16.

Dunlop JL, Vandal AC, de Zoysa JR, Gabriel RS, Haloob IA, Hood CJ, Matheson PJ, McGregor DOR, Rabindranath KS, Semple DJ & Marshall MR. (2013). Rationale and design of the Sodium Lowering In Dialysate (SoLID) trial: A randomised controlled trial of low versus standard dialysate sodium concentration during hemodialysis for regression of left ventricular mass. BMC Nephrology 14:149 (18 pp.). DOI: 10.1186/1471-2369-14-149

Saywell N, Vandal AC, Brown P, Hanger HC, Hale L, Mudge S, Milosavljevic S, Feigin V & Taylor D. (2012). Telerehabilitation to improve outcomes for people with stroke: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 13:233.