The discipline and the profession of applying science, technology, planning, and management to deal with extreme events that can:
As a process it involves preparing, mitigating, responding and recovering from an emergency. Critical functional components include planning, training, simulating drills (exercises) and coordinating activities.
Postgraduate programmes focus on psychological, societal and behavioural factors, to advance government emergency situation initiatives
Emergency managers work in local or central government departments, district health boards, civil defence emergency management groups, not-for-profit groups, or as members of an emergency response or recovery team.